Diademed Tanager / Stephanophorus diadematus

Diademed Tanager / Stephanophorus diadematus

Diademed Tanager

SCI Name:  Stephanophorus diadematus
Protonym:  Tanagra diademata Pl.Col. livr.41 pl.243
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Thraupidae /
Taxonomy Code:  diatan1
Type Locality:  Brazil ; restricted to Curitiba, Parana, by Pinto, 1944, Cat. Aves Brasil (Publ. Dept. Zool., Sao Paulo) , pt. 2, p. 485.
Publish Year:  1823
IUCN Status:  


(Thraupidae; Ϯ Diademed Tanager S. diadematus) Gr. στεφανος  stephanos  diadem, crown  < στεφανοω stephanoō  to crown; -φορος -phoros  -carrying  < φερω pherō  to carry; "Genus STEPHANOPHORUS †, n.g.  < Tanagra, Tem.,  < Pyrrhula, Vieill.   Diff. Char.—Beak very short, tumid, of equal height and length.   Rostrum breve, subconicum, mandibulis subæqualibus, intumidis; culmine gradatim deorsum, gonyde sursum incurvatis; commissura subrecta, leviter deorsum curvata; maxilla juxta apicem obsoletissime emarginata.  Nares subrotundæ.  Alæ mediocres, rotundatæ, remigibus 3a, 4a (hac longissima) et 5ta fere æqualibus.  Cauda mediocris, rectricibus subæqualibus.  Pedes mediocres, acrotarsiis scutellatis, paratarsiis integris,  Digitus externus interiorem paulo excedens.  Ungues mediocres, leviter curvati.  Ptilosis cærulescens, nitore sericeo. Vertex colore igneo insignis.   Habitat in America meridionali.   Species unica, S. cœruleus (Vieill.), (T. diadema, Temm.), Pl. Col. 243.   Obs. The beak is more tumid and the under mandible more developed in this well-marked type than in any other of the Tanagrinæ, and it has hence been referred to the genus Pyrrhula. The marginal notch, however, together with the blue and silky plumage, and the geographical distribution, sufficiently prove the true place of this bird to be among the Tanagers, and in the vicinity of Tanagra, Lin. (restr.), and Calospiza Gray (Aglaia, Sw.).  ...   † Στεφανος, a crown; φερω, to bear." (Strickland 1841); "Stephanophorus Strickland, 1841, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 9, p. 30. Type, by monotypy, Pyrrhula coerulea Vieillot = Tanagra diademata Temminck." (Storer in Peters 1970, XIII, 336).
Synon. Bergia.

Gr. στεφανος stephanos  crown, or στεφανη stephanē  diadem  < στεφανοω stephanoō  to crown; -φορος -phoros  -carrying  < φερω pherō  to carry.

diademata / diadematum / diadematus
L. diadematus  diademed  < diadema  diadem  < Gr. διαδημα diadēma  diadem, royal head-dress.