Oriental Pratincole / Glareola maldivarum

Oriental Pratincole / Glareola maldivarum

Oriental Pratincole

SCI Name:  Glareola maldivarum
Protonym:  Glareola (Pratincola) Maldivarum FaunulaIndica.ed.2 p.11
Category:  Charadriiformes / Glareolidae /
Taxonomy Code:  oripra
Type Locality:  Open sea in the latitude of the Maldive Islands, ex Latham, Gen. Syn., 5, p. 224, var. B.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1795
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

GLAREOLA
(Glareolidae; Ϯ Collared Pratincole G. pratincola) Mod. L. glareola  little gravel (bird)  < dim. L. glarea  gravel; "Glareola. Genus 73.  ...  Genus Glareolæ   Le genre de la Perdrix-de-mer.  ...  **1. LA PERDRIX-DE-MER.  ...  GLAREOLA.  ...  On la trouve sur les bords de la mer, des rivieres & des étangs" (Brisson 1760): ex "Koppriegerle" of Gessner 1555, "Hirundo marina" of Aldrovandus 1599-1603, Jonston 1650-1653 and Charleton 1668, "Glareola" and "Sand-Vogel" of Schwenkfeld 1603, and "Pratincola" of Kramer 1756; "Glareola Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 48; 5, p. 141. Type, by tautonymy, Glareola Brisson = Hirundo pratincola Linné." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 303).
Var. GlareoleaGlariola.   
Synon. Dromochelidon, Galachrysia, Pratincola, Subglareola, Trachelia.

glareola
Dim. < L. glarea  gravel (probably used in the broadest sense of waterside habitat).
● "109. Charadrius Glareola F.  (Fig. pict. G.)  Charadrius fuscus, pectore abdomineque rufescentibus, remigibus fuscis 6—10 medio, 11—12 apice albis.   Habitat ad littora glareosa insulae australis Novae Zeelandiae.   Corpus magnitudine circiter Scolopacis rusticolae." (Forster 1844 (ed. Lichtenstein)) (syn. Charadrius obscurus).
● ex Glareola Brisson, 1760, pratincole, and Glareola austriaca J. Gmelin, 1798 (syn. Glareola pratincola).
● "78. TRINGA.  ...  Glareola.  11. T. rostro lævi, pedibus virescentibus, corpore albo punctato, pectore subalbido. Fn. svec. 152.  Habitat in Europa.” (Linnaeus 1758) (Tringa).

maldivarum / maldivus / maledivicus
Maldive Is.
● Open sea in the latitude of the Maldive Is.; ex “Perdrix de Mer” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Maldivian Pratincole” of Latham 1785: “This was taken at open sea, in the latitude of the Maldivia Isles. It lived a month on flies, and bread soaked in water” (Glareola).