Dieffenbach’s Rail / Gallirallus dieffenbachii

Dieffenbach\'s Rail / Gallirallus dieffenbachii

Dieffenbach's Rail

SCI Name:  Gallirallus dieffenbachii
Protonym:  Rallus Dieffenbachii Trav.N.Z.[Dieffenbach] 2 p.197
Category:  Gruiformes / Rallidae /
Taxonomy Code:  dierai1
Type Locality:  Chatham Islands.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1843
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

GALLIRALLUS
(Rallidae; Weka G. australis) Portmanteau of genera Gallus Brisson 1760, fowl, and Rallus Linnaeus, 1758, rail; "Genus Rallus, sub-genus Galli-rallus de Lafr. — Caractère du sous-genre: Rostrum Ralli, sectionis Crex (Bechst.), elongatum, compressum, rectum, culmine supra nares paulisper depresso, apice parum arcuato; nares mediocres, ovalæ, in fovea ampla plus quam dimidiam partem rostri occupante, ad apicem anticum et medium rostrum apertæ, hac fovea membrana obtecta; pedes ambulatorii, gallinacei, validi, tarsis robustissimis, digitis totis liberis, prælongis et fortibus; pollice mediocri uti apud Rallos tarso inserto, unguibus mediocribus parum curvatis; alæ brevissimæ, obtusissimæ, mollissimæ ad volatum ut versimile paucissimæ aptæ; cauda satis elongata, conica, exilis, e pennis mollibus formata; ptilosis tota lanuginosa et mollissima.  Gallirallus brachypterus de Lafr." (de La Fresnaye 1841); "Galli-rallus Lafresnaye, Rev. Zool., 1841, p. 234 [sic= 243].  Type, by monotypy, Gallirallus brachypterus Lafresnaye = Rallus troglodytes Gmelin." (Peters, 1934, II, 177); "GALLIRALLUS Lafresnaye, 1841  M  — Gallirallus brachypterus Lafresnaye, 1841; type by monotypy = Rallus australis Sparrman, 1786  ...  Includes "troglodytes"" (Dickinson and Remsen (eds.), H. & M. Complete Checklist, 4th ed., 2013, 1 (Non-passerines), p. 134).
Synon. BrachypteryxOcydromus, Sylvestrornis, Tricholimnas.

dieffenbachi / dieffenbachii
Prof. Dr Johann Karl Ernst Dieffenbach (1811-1855) German geologist, naturalist, humanist, collector in New Zealand 1839-1841 (‡Hypotaenidia, syn. Petroica macrocephala).