Fiery-necked Nightjar / Caprimulgus pectoralis

Fiery-necked Nightjar / Caprimulgus pectoralis

Fiery-necked Nightjar

SCI Name:  Caprimulgus pectoralis
Protonym:  Caprimulgus pectoralis Règne Anim. 1 p.376,note2
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Caprimulgidae /
Taxonomy Code:  finnig1
Type Locality:  Africa, based entirely on Levaillant, pi. 49 = Knysna, Cape Province.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1816
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CAPRIMULGUS
(Caprimulgidae; Ϯ European Nightjar C. europaeus) L. caprimulgus  nightjar  < capra  nanny-goat  < caper, capri  billy-goat; mulgere  to milk; “Those called goat-suckers  ...  enter the shepherds’ stalls and fly to the goats’ udders in order to suck their milk, which injures the udder and makes it perish, and the goats they have milked in this way gradually go blind” (Pliny X, lvi (ed. Rackham 1983)); this unfounded rustic superstition was for long associated with the European Nightjar; "NIGHT-HAWK (C. popetue). I have noticed, when skinning this bird, that the male, in spring, exhales a strong hircine odor.  If this is common to all birds of the family, it may have added apparent reason to the superstition from which the family name is derived." (Coues 1874); "102. CAPRIMULGUS.  Rostrum incurvum, minimum, subulatum, basi depressum.  Vibrissæ ad os serie ciliari.  Rictus amplissimus.   ...   Caprimulgus genere differt ab Hirundine, uti Strix a Falcone, Phalæna a Papilione." (Linnaeus 1758); "Caprimulgus Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 193. Type, by tautonymy, Caprimulgus europaeus Linné (Caprimulgus, pre-binomial specific name in synonymy." (Peters, 1940, IV, p. 196). Linnaeus's Caprimulgus, the final avian genus listed in his historic ground-breaking work, comprised two species (C. europæus, C. americanus). 
Synon. Allasma, Capripeda, Climacurus, Cosmetornis, Creapyga, Crotema, Diaphorasma, Eximiornis, Hypsiphornis, Macrodipteryx, Nyctichelidon, Nycticircus, Nyctitypus, Nyctipornis, Nyctisyrigmus, Nyctivociferator, Phalaenivora, Rossornis, Scotornis, Semeiophorus, Stelidopterus, Vociferator.

caprimulgus
L. caprimulgus  nightjar  < capra  nanny-goat  < caper, capri  billy-goat; mulgere  to milk (cf. Gr. αιγοθηλας aigothēlas  goatsucker).

pectorale / pectoralis
L. pectoralis  of the breast, pectoral  < pectus, pectoris  breast.
● ex “Engoulevent à collier” of Levaillant 1806 (Caprimulgus).
● ex “Janfréderic” of Levaillant 1801-1804, pl. 111 (syn. Cossypha caffra).
● ex “Austral Quail” of Latham 1823 (Coturnix).
● ex “Gold-breasted Manakin” of Latham 1801 (Euphonia).
● ex “Petit Merle brun à gorge rousse de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 644, fig. 2, and “Yellow-breasted Thrush” of Latham 1785 (syn. Gymnopithys rufigula).
● ex “Red-breasted Snipe” of Montagu 1813 (syn. Limnodromus griseus).
● ex “Black-breasted Flycatcher” of Latham 1787 (Pachycephala).
● ex “Mbatuitui pecho listado” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 389 (syn. Pluvialis dominica).
● ex “Tachurí pecho amarillo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 165 (Polystictus).
● ex “Black-breasted Grosbeak” of Latham 1783 (syn. Sporophila americana).
● ex “Cordon Noir” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 150 (artefact).
● ex “Hausse-Col Noir” of Levaillant 1802, pl. 110 (artefact).

SUBSPECIES

Fiery-necked Nightjar (shelleyi)
SCI Name: Caprimulgus pectoralis shelleyi
shelleyi
● Capt. George Ernest Shelley (1840-1910) British Army, geologist, ornithologist, collector in South Africa, Egypt, the Sudan, Australia and Burma (Aethopyga, syn. Apus niansae, Bubo, subsp. Caprimulgus pectoralis, syn. Chlorocichla flavicollis flavigula, Cinnyris, syn. Coccyzus minor, syn. Crithagra sulphurata sharpii, Cryptospiza, syn. Eubucco bourcierii aequatorialis, syn. Eubucco bourcierii orientalis, Lamprotornis, Nesocharis, syn. Onychognathus morio, Passer, syn. Ploceus velatus, subsp. Riparia riparia, subsp. Streptopelia decipiens, subsp. Trachyphonus erythrocephalus).
● Sir Edward Shelley 4th Baronet Shelley of Castle Goring (1827-1890) English traveller, collector in Matabeleland 1873 (syn. Myrmecocichla arnotti, Scleroptila).

Fiery-necked Nightjar (fervidus)
SCI Name: Caprimulgus pectoralis fervidus
fervida / fervidus
L. fervidus fiery, glowing < fervere to glow.
● ex “Traquet du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 583, fig. 1, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Sultry Warbler” of Latham 1783 (syn. Saxicola torquata).

Fiery-necked Nightjar (crepusculans)
SCI Name: Caprimulgus pectoralis crepusculans
crepusculans
L. crepusculans, crepusculantis  darkening  < crepusculum  twilight, dusk  < creper, crepera  dark.

Fiery-necked Nightjar (pectoralis)
SCI Name: Caprimulgus pectoralis pectoralis
pectorale / pectoralis
L. pectoralis  of the breast, pectoral  < pectus, pectoris  breast.
● ex “Engoulevent à collier” of Levaillant 1806 (Caprimulgus).
● ex “Janfréderic” of Levaillant 1801-1804, pl. 111 (syn. Cossypha caffra).
● ex “Austral Quail” of Latham 1823 (Coturnix).
● ex “Gold-breasted Manakin” of Latham 1801 (Euphonia).
● ex “Petit Merle brun à gorge rousse de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 644, fig. 2, and “Yellow-breasted Thrush” of Latham 1785 (syn. Gymnopithys rufigula).
● ex “Red-breasted Snipe” of Montagu 1813 (syn. Limnodromus griseus).
● ex “Black-breasted Flycatcher” of Latham 1787 (Pachycephala).
● ex “Mbatuitui pecho listado” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 389 (syn. Pluvialis dominica).
● ex “Tachurí pecho amarillo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 165 (Polystictus).
● ex “Black-breasted Grosbeak” of Latham 1783 (syn. Sporophila americana).
● ex “Cordon Noir” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 150 (artefact).
● ex “Hausse-Col Noir” of Levaillant 1802, pl. 110 (artefact).