Bates’s Nightjar / Caprimulgus batesi

Bates\'s Nightjar / Caprimulgus batesi

Bates's Nightjar

SCI Name:  Caprimulgus batesi
Protonym:  Caprimulgus batesi Bull.Br.Orn.Club 19 p.18
Taxonomy:  Caprimulgiformes / Caprimulgidae /
Taxonomy Code:  batnig2
Type Locality:  River Ja, Cameroon.
Publish Year:  1906
IUCN Status:  


(Caprimulgidae; Ϯ European Nightjar C. europaeus) L. caprimulgus  nightjar  < capra  nanny-goat  < caper, capri  billy-goat; mulgere  to milk; “Those called goat-suckers  ...  enter the shepherds’ stalls and fly to the goats’ udders in order to suck their milk, which injures the udder and makes it perish, and the goats they have milked in this way gradually go blind” (Pliny X, lvi (ed. Rackham 1983)); this unfounded rustic superstition was for long associated with the European Nightjar; "NIGHT-HAWK (C. popetue). I have noticed, when skinning this bird, that the male, in spring, exhales a strong hircine odor.  If this is common to all birds of the family, it may have added apparent reason to the superstition from which the family name is derived." (Coues 1874); "102. CAPRIMULGUS.  Rostrum incurvum, minimum, subulatum, basi depressum.  Vibrissæ ad os serie ciliari.  Rictus amplissimus.   ...   Caprimulgus genere differt ab Hirundine, uti Strix a Falcone, Phalæna a Papilione." (Linnaeus 1758); "Caprimulgus Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 193. Type, by tautonymy, Caprimulgus europaeus Linné (Caprimulgus, pre-binomial specific name in synonymy." (Peters, 1940, IV, p. 196). Linnaeus's Caprimulgus, the final avian genus listed in his historic ground-breaking work, comprised two species (C. europæus, C. americanus). 
Synon. Allasma, Capripeda, Climacurus, Cosmetornis, Creapyga, Crotema, Diaphorasma, Eximiornis, Hypsiphornis, Macrodipteryx, Nyctichelidon, Nycticircus, Nyctitypus, Nyctipornis, Nyctisyrigmus, Nyctivociferator, Phalaenivora, Rossornis, Scotornis, Semeiophorus, Stelidopterus, Vociferator.

L. caprimulgus  nightjar  < capra  nanny-goat  < caper, capri  billy-goat; mulgere  to milk (cf. Gr. αιγοθηλας aigothēlas  goatsucker).

batesi / batesiana
● George Latimer Bates (1863-1940) US planter, ornithologist, collector in Gabon, French Congo and the Cameroons 1895-1928 (syn. Accipiter erythropus, syn. Alcedo leucogaster, Apus, subsp. Aviceda cuculoides, syn. Baeopogon indicator, syn. Batis minor erlangeri, syn. Campethera punctuligera, syn. Canirallus oculeus, Caprimulgus, subsp. Chlorophoneus multicolor, Cinnyris, syn. Dendropicos obsoletus, subsp. Dryotriorchis spectabilis, syn. Euplectes axillaris bocagei, subsp. Geokichla princei, syn. Hieraaetus ayresii, subsp. Iduna natalensis, subsp. Illadopsis cleaveri, syn. Lanius meridionalis elegans, syn. Merops muelleri, subsp. Mirafra africana, syn. Muscicapa sethsmithi, subsp. Oreocossypha isabellaePloceus, syn. Sarothrura pulchra, syn. Spizaetus africanus, syn. Sylvietta denti, Terpsiphone, syn. Urotriorchis macrourus).
● Henry Walter Bates (1825-1892) English naturalist, entomologist who developed the theory of Batesian mimicry, explorer and collector in Amazonia 1848-1859 (subsp. Melidectes ochromelas).