Greater Scaup / Aythya marila

Greater Scaup / Aythya marila

Greater Scaup

SCI Name:  Aythya marila
Protonym:  Anas Marila FaunaSvecica.ed.2 p.39
Taxonomy:  Anseriformes / Anatidae /
Taxonomy Code:  gresca
Type Locality:  Lapland.
Publish Year:  1761
IUCN Status:  


(Anatidae; Ϯ Greater Scaup A. marila) Gr. αιθυια aithuia  unidentified seabird mentioned by Aristotle, Hesychius, and other authors. In modern times associated with a variety of seabirds, including a shearwater, a cormorant, a duck, and an auk (cf. Gr. myth. Thyr or Thyrie, mother of Cygnus, who was changed into a waterbird); "130. Aythya marila. — Anas marila Lin." (Boie 1822); "Aythya Boie, 1822, (before May), Tagebuch Reise Norwegen, p. 351. Type, by monotypy, Anas marila Linnaeus." (Johnsgard in Peters, 1979, I, ed. 2, p. 482).   
Var. Aethyia, Aethyja, Aithyia, Aithya.   
Synon. Aristonetta, Dyseonetta, Fuligula, Fulix, Glaucium, Hydrobates, Ilyonetta, Marila, Nettarion, Nyroca, Penelope, Perissonetta, Zeafulix.

Gr. μαριλη marilē charcoal embers, coal-dust.

(syn. Aythya Ϯ Common Pochard A. ferina) Gr. μαριλη marilē  coal-dust, ash (cf. specific name Anas marila Linnaeus, 1761); "Anas, Tadorna, Souchet, Marila, Eider, Clangula, Macreuse" (Oken 1817); "Genera et Species typicae.  ...  c. *Marila RCHB. ferina (Anas — L. Gm.) R.  Tab. VIII. "Nyroca" caput, culmen, ala, pes. — Ic. Av. t. 75. ic. 124—126 et 127, 131—133. (frenata Sparrm.) t. 77. ic. 889. 892. t. 80. ic 2756—60." (Reichenbach 1852); "Marila Reichenbach, 1852, Avium Systema Naturale, p. viii. Type, by original designation, Anas ferina Linnaeus." (mihi 3/2019). Despite the etymology, Hellmayr & Conover's 1948, XIII, p. 367, typification of Anas marila by tautonymy is incorrect.


Greater Scaup (marila)
SCI Name: Aythya marila marila
Gr. μαριλη marilē charcoal embers, coal-dust.

Greater Scaup (nearctica)
SCI Name: Aythya marila nearctica
Mod. L. nearcticus  nearctic, of North America < Gr. νεος neos  new; αρκτικος arktikos  arctic, northern  < αρκτος arktos  north.