Gray-headed Lapwing / Vanellus cinereus

Gray-headed Lapwing / Vanellus cinereus

Gray-headed Lapwing

SCI Name:  Vanellus cinereus
Protonym:  Pluvianus cinereus J.Asiat.Soc.Bengal 11 p.587
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  gyhlap1
Type Locality:  Calcutta.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1842
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

VANELLUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Northern Lapwing V. vanellus) Med. L. vanellus  lapwing  < dim. L. vannus  winnowing fan (in allusion to the broad wings and floppy flight); "Vanellus. Genus 71.  ...  **1. LE VANNEAU.  ... VANELLUS." (Brisson 1760): based on "Vanellus", "Capella", and "Caprea" of Gessner 1555, and many other authors, and Tringa Vanellus Linnaeus, 1758; "Vanellus Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 48; 5, p. 94. Type, by tautonymy, Vanellus Brisson = Tringa vanellus Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 235).  The Northern Lapwing appears the most aberrant member of the genus; it has been suggested that Hoplopterus be resurrected for all the other species presently included in Vanellus.   
Var. Canellus, Cranellus.   
Synon. Acanthopteryx, Acanthropterus, Afribyx, Afrovanellus, Anitibyx, Anomalophrys, Belonopterus, Chettusia, Defilippia, Dilobus, Dorypaltus, Euhyas, Eurypterus, Gavia, Hemiparra, Hoplopterus, Limnetes, Lobibyx, Lobipluvia, Lobivanellus, Microsarcops, Nonnusia, Ptiloscelys, Rogibyx, Sarciophorus, Sarcogrammus, Stephanibyx, Titihoia, Tringa, Tylibyx, Vanellochettusia, Viator, Xiphidiopterus, Zapterus, Zonifer.

vanellus
Med. L. vanellus lapwing < dim. L. vannus winnowing fan; "78. TRINGA.  ...  Vanellus.  2. T. pedibus rubris, crista dependente, pectore nigro. Fn. svec. 148.  Capella s. Vanellus. Bell. av. 49. a. Gesn. av. 764. Aldr. orn. l. 20. c. 63. Will. orn. 228. t. 57. Jonst. av. 164. t. 53. 27. Raj. av. 110. Alb. av. I. p. 70. t. 74.  Habitat in Europa, Africa.  Migrat forte in Ægyptum. Ova Belgis in deliciis.” (Linnaeus 1758) (Vanellus).

cinereum / cinereus
L. cinereus  ash-grey, ash-coloured  < cinis, cineris  ashes.
● ex “Cinereous or Ash-coloured Vulture” of Willughby 1676, and Latham 1781, “Vultur cinereus” of Ray 1713, “Vultur fusco-nigricans” of Brisson 1760, and “Vautour” or “Grand Vautour” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 425, and de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Aegypius monachus).
● ex “Maracana” of Willughby 1676, “Maracana Brasiliensibus” of Ray 1713, “Psittacus brasiliensis cinereus” of Brisson 1760, and “Cinereous Parrot” of Latham 1781 (?syn. Anodorhynchus glaucus).
● ex “Gobe-mouche roux de Cayenne” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Attila rufus).
● ex “Falco freti Hudsonis” of Brisson 1760, “Faucon de la Baie d’Hudson” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Ash-coloured Buzzard” of Latham 1781 (syn. Buteo buteo).
● ex “Cinereous Wattle-bird” of Latham 1781 (Callaeas).
● ex “Ash-bellied Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (syn. Campylopterus largipennis).
● ex “Gavilan del campo ceniciento” of de Azara 1802-1805, nos.32, 33 (Circus).
● ex “Grive de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 515 (?Cotinga sp.).
● ex “Tinamou cendré” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Cinereous Tinamou” of Latham 1785 (Crypturellus).
● ex “Cotinga Cendré” of Levaillant 1801 (syn. Lipaugus vociferans).
ex “Wax-billed Barbet” of Latham, 1782 (syn. Monasa niger).
● (Boddaert 1783) ex “Manakin cendré de Cayenne” (= ♂) of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 687, fig. 1, and “Oiseau cendré de la Guyane” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (syn. Pachyramphus rufus).
● (J. Gmelin 1789) ex “Cinereous Manakin” of Latham 1783 (syn. Pachyramphus rufus).
● ex “Mésange Grise au Joue Blanche” of Levaillant 1804, pl. 139, fig. 2 (Parus).
● ex “Oiseaux grises” or “Oies de plein” of Pernety 1769, “Race horse Duck” of Pernety 1771, and “Loggerhead Goose” of Latham 1785 (syn. Tachyeres brachypterus).
● ex “Grey and Yellow Flycatcher” of Edwards 1751 (Todirostrum).
● "57. MEROPS.  ...  cinereus.  3. M. rubro flavoque variegatus, subtus flavo-rubescens, rectricibus duabus longissimis rubris.  Avicula de gvauheilui [= Quauhcilui]. Seb. mus. I. p. 50. t. 30. f. 10.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (unident.; nom. dub.)
● (Forster 1781) ex “Merula Indica cinerea” of Brisson 1760 (unident.).
● (J. Gmelin 1789) ex “Merula Indica cinerea” of Brisson 1760, “Merle cendré des Indes” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Ash-coloured Thrush” of Latham 1783 (unident.).