Gray-tailed Tattler / Tringa brevipes

Gray-tailed Tattler / Tringa brevipes

Gray-tailed Tattler

SCI Name:  Tringa brevipes
Protonym:  Totanus brevipes Nouv.Dict.Hist.Nat. 6 p.410
Category:  Charadriiformes / Scolopacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  gyttat1
Type Locality:  No locality given; the type is from Timor.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1816
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

TRINGA
(Scolopacidae; Ϯ Green Sandpiper T. ochropus) Late Med. L. tringa name given to the Green Sandpiper by Aldrovandus 1599 < Gr. τρυγγας trungas thrush-sized, white-rumped wading bird that bobs its tail, mentioned by Aristotle, not further identified, but taken by later authors to be a sandpiper, wagtail, or dipper; "78. TRINGA.  Rostrum teretiusculum, longitudine capitis.  Pedes tetradactyli: postico uniarticulato a terra elevato." (Linnaeus 1758); "Tringa Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 148. Type, by tautonymy, Tringa ocrophus Linné (Tringa, prebinomial specific name in synonymy)." (Peters 1934, II, 264). Linnaeus's Tringa comprised thirteen species (T. Pugnax, T. Vanellus, T. Gambetta, T. Interpres, T. tobata, T. Fulicaria, T. alpina, T. Ocrophus, T. Hypoleucos, T. Canutus, T. Glareola, T. littorea, T. Squatarola).  
Var. Trunga, Trynga, Tryngas, Tringra, Trinca, Frinca, Fringa.
Synon. Aegialodes, Carites, Catoptrophorus, Erythroscelus, Gambetta, Glottis, Helodromas, Heteractitis, Heteroscelus, Hodites, Iliornis, Limicula, Nea, Neoglottis, Ochropus, Pseudoglottis, Pseudototanus, Rhyacophilus, Totanus.
● (syn. Calidris Ϯ Red Knot C. canutus) “Type by subsequent designation of Gray (List Gen. Bds. 1st ed. 1840, p. 69): T. canutus Linn. If the method of Linnean tautonymy be followed, the type of the genus must be ... Tringa ochropus Linn.” (BOU 1915).
● (syn. Vanellus Ϯ Northern Lapwing V. vanellus) "GENUS 115. TRINGA Lin. Cuv. Lath. Dumer.  Vanellus Briss. Bechst. Meyer.  Parra LaCépède. (Kibitz Germ. Vanneau Gall. Lapwing Angl.)  ...  Species: Tringa Vanellus, varia Lin.  Parra Cayennensis Lin Gmel.  Observat: Tota avis, praesertim secundum rostrum, ita similis est Charadriis, ut, demto halluce, discrimen vix restet. Caeterum observo, Tringae characteres a Linnaeo enumeratos, cum solis Vanellis Auctorum quadrare, nec cum Actitibus, quas cum illis confuderat. Nomen Tringae hanc ob caussam Vanellis servandum erat" (Illiger 1811).

brevipes
Mod. L. brevipes, brevipedis  short-footed  < L. brevis  short; pes, pedis  foot  < Gr. πους pous, ποδος podos  foot.

Brevipes
(Apodidaesyn. Apus Ϯ Common Swift A. apus) L. brevis  short; pes, pedis  foot  < Gr. πους pous, ποδος podos  foot; "Temminck's new term Cypselus, taken from the κυψελος of the Greeks, is, in our opinion, far less apposite and precise than the compound, Brachypus, introduced by the German Ornithologists; and literally signifying Short-foot.  ... Our well-known Develin differs principally from the only other European species of the genus in the dusky colour of the whole inferior region of the body. Why, then, not designate it by the terms Brachypus (or Brevipes) melanogaster, dark-bellied Short-Legs?" (S. Palmer 1836); "Brevipes "P" = S. Palmer, Analyst, vol. iv. no. xv. p. 101, April 1st, 1836: alternative name for Brachypus Meyer." (Mathews, 1927, Syst. Av. Austral., I, p. 405)..