Greater Koa-Finch / Rhodacanthis palmeri

Greater Koa-Finch / Rhodacanthis palmeri

Greater Koa-Finch

SCI Name:  Rhodacanthis palmeri
Protonym:  Rhodacanthis palmeri Ann.Mag.Nat.Hist.(6), 10 p.111
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Fringillidae /
Taxonomy Code:  grkfin
Type Locality:  Kona, Hawaii.
Publish Year:  1892
IUCN Status:  


‡ (Fringillidae; Ϯ Greater Koa-finch R. palmeri) Gr. ῥοδον  rhodon  rose; ακανθις akanthis, ακανθιδος akanthidos  finch; "RHODACANTHIS, gen. nov.  Bill stout and strong, broad at the base, the upper mandible sharp-pointed and curved as in Psittirostra, but not so long; legs robust; first primary about equal to the fifth, the second and third equal and longest, the fourth a trifle shorter; tail slightly forked.  Obs. This genus is intermediate between Chloridops and Psittirostra, having the bill stout and large, as in the former, but longer and sharp-pointed, therein resembling the latter.  Rhodacanthis Palmeri, sp. n.  Adult male. Head and throat rich reddish orange  ...  lower throat and underparts dull orange-yellow  ...  Hab. Kona, Hawai, Sandwich Islands.    Rhodacanthis flaviceps, sp. n.  Adult male. Head, neck, and underparts generally apple-yellow, brighter and richer on the head and neck and greener on the underparts.  ...  Hab. Kona, Hawai, Sandwich group." (Rothschild 1892); "Rhodacanthis Rothschild, 1892, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6, 10, p. 110. Type, by subsequent designation (Bryan and Greenway, 1944, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 94, p. 135), Rhodacanthis palmeri Rothschild." (Greenway in Peters 1968, XIV, 102).

● Palmer River, southern New Guinea (subsp. Colluricincla megarhyncha).
● William Palmer (1856-1921) US taxidermist at Smithsonian Instituition 1874-1921, collector in Cuba 1900 and Java 1909-1910 (syn. Hirundo rustica erythrogaster, subsp. Synoicus chinensis, subsp. Todiramphus chloris).
● Henry Charles Palmer (1866-1920) English collector for Lord Rothschild in California 1889, Chatham Is. 1890, Hawaiian Is. 1890–1893, and Midway 1893, emigrated to Australia 1894 (Björn Bergenholtz and Justin Jansen in litt.) (Myadestes, ‡Rhodacanthis, Zapornia).
● Dr Theodore Sherman Palmer (1868-1955) US zoologist at Department of Agriculture 1889-1933, nomenclatorist, philologist (syn. Oreortyx pictus).
● Mervyn George Palmer (1882-1955) English naturalist, collector in tropical America (Tangara).
● Dr Edward Palmer (1831-1911) US botanist, explorer, collector (subsp. Toxostoma curvirostre).
● Prof. Ralph Simon Palmer (1914-2003) US zoologist (subsp. Vireo leucophrys).