Javan Lapwing / Vanellus macropterus

Javan Lapwing / Vanellus macropterus

Javan Lapwing

SCI Name:  Vanellus macropterus
Protonym:  Charadrius macropterus Syst.Av. p.77
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  sunlap1
Type Locality:  
Publish Year:  1827
IUCN Status:  


(Charadriidae; Ϯ Northern Lapwing V. vanellus) Med. L. vanellus  lapwing  < dim. L. vannus  winnowing fan (in allusion to the broad wings and floppy flight); "Vanellus. Genus 71.  ...  **1. LE VANNEAU.  ... VANELLUS." (Brisson 1760): based on "Vanellus", "Capella", and "Caprea" of Gessner 1555, and many other authors, and Tringa Vanellus Linnaeus, 1758; "Vanellus Brisson, Orn., 1760, 1, p. 48; 5, p. 94. Type, by tautonymy, Vanellus Brisson = Tringa vanellus Linné." (Peters 1934, II, 235).  The Northern Lapwing appears the most aberrant member of the genus; it has been suggested that Hoplopterus be resurrected for all the other species presently included in Vanellus.   
Var. Canellus, Cranellus.   
Synon. Acanthopteryx, Acanthropterus, Afribyx, Afrovanellus, Anitibyx, Anomalophrys, Belonopterus, Chettusia, Defilippia, Dilobus, Dorypaltus, Euhyas, Eurypterus, Gavia, Hemiparra, Hoplopterus, Limnetes, Lobibyx, Lobipluvia, Lobivanellus, Microsarcops, Nonnusia, Ptiloscelys, Rogibyx, Sarciophorus, Sarcogrammus, Stephanibyx, Titihoia, Tringa, Tylibyx, Vanellochettusia, Viator, Xiphidiopterus, Zapterus, Zonifer.

Med. L. vanellus lapwing < dim. L. vannus winnowing fan; "78. TRINGA.  ...  Vanellus.  2. T. pedibus rubris, crista dependente, pectore nigro. Fn. svec. 148.  Capella s. Vanellus. Bell. av. 49. a. Gesn. av. 764. Aldr. orn. l. 20. c. 63. Will. orn. 228. t. 57. Jonst. av. 164. t. 53. 27. Raj. av. 110. Alb. av. I. p. 70. t. 74.  Habitat in Europa, Africa.  Migrat forte in Ægyptum. Ova Belgis in deliciis.” (Linnaeus 1758) (Vanellus).

Gr. μακροπτερος makropteros  long-winged  < μακρος makros  long; -πτερος
-pteros  -winged  < πτερον pteron wing.
● ex “Gavilan del campo alilargo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 31 (syn. Circus buffoni).

(syn. Hemiprocne Ϯ Grey-rumped Treeswift H. longipennis) Gr. μακρος makros  long; πτερυξ pterux, πτερυγος pterugos  wing; "MACROPTERYX longipennis.  Javanese crested Swallow.  ...  Of its economy nothing is as yet known; but the uncommon length of its wings, indicate its possessing the utmost rapidity of flight.  ...  The peculiar structure of these birds oblige us to consider them as forming a natural group, intermediate between the typical Swifts, and the Swallows" (Swainson 1831).  Var. Macropterus.