Levant Sparrowhawk / Accipiter brevipes

Levant Sparrowhawk / Accipiter brevipes

Levant Sparrowhawk

SCI Name:  Accipiter brevipes
Protonym:  Astur brevipes Bull.Soc.Imp.Nat.Moscou 23 no.3 p.234 pl.1,2,3
Category:  Accipitriformes / Accipitridae /
Taxonomy Code:  levspa1
Type Locality:  Voronezh Province, Russia.
Publish Year:  1850
IUCN Status:  


(Accipitridae; Ϯ Eurasian Sparrowhawk A. nisus) L. accipiter, accipitris  hawk  < accipere  to grasp (the original meaning was “to understand” rather than “to seize”) (cf. Med. L. accipiter  Sparrowhawk; ancipiter  Goshawk; "another possible origin is from the Greek aci for 'swift' and pertrum [?πτερον] for 'wing'." (Clark & Davies 2018)); "Accipiter. Genus 8.  ...  Les femelles des Oiseaux de ce genre sont plus grandes que leurs mâles. Elles sont aussi mieux faites, plus fortes & plus courageuses. Pour cette raison on appelle les mâles Tiercelets; parce qu'ils sont d'environ un tiers plus petits que leurs femelles.  ...  **1. L'EPERVIER.  ...  ACCIPITER." (Brisson 1760): based on "Accipiter minor" of Gessner 1555, "Accipiter fringillarius" of Gessner 1555, Schwenckfeld 1603, Jonston 1650-1653, and Charleton 1668, "Nisus" of Willughby 1676, and Sibbald 1684, and numerous other references; "Accipiter Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 28, 310. Type, by tautonymy, Accipiter Brisson = Falco nisus Linné." (Peters, 1931, I, 205). 
Synon. Aerospiza, Aesalon, Asterias, Astur, Chirospizias, Cooperastur, Daedalion, Dinospizias, Erythrospiza, Eunisus, Eusparvius, Hieraspiza, Ierax, Leptohierax, Leucospiza, Lophospiza, Neonisus, Nisastur, Nisuoides, Nisus, Paraspizias, Phabotypus, Scelospiza, Sparvius, Spilospiza, Tachyspiza, Teraspiza, Urospiza.

Mod. L. brevipes, brevipedis  short-footed  < L. brevis  short; pes, pedis  foot  < Gr. πους pous, ποδος podos  foot.

(Apodidaesyn. Apus Ϯ Common Swift A. apus) L. brevis  short; pes, pedis  foot  < Gr. πους pous, ποδος podos  foot; "Temminck's new term Cypselus, taken from the κυψελος of the Greeks, is, in our opinion, far less apposite and precise than the compound, Brachypus, introduced by the German Ornithologists; and literally signifying Short-foot.  ... Our well-known Develin differs principally from the only other European species of the genus in the dusky colour of the whole inferior region of the body. Why, then, not designate it by the terms Brachypus (or Brevipes) melanogaster, dark-bellied Short-Legs?" (S. Palmer 1836); "Brevipes "P" = S. Palmer, Analyst, vol. iv. no. xv. p. 101, April 1st, 1836: alternative name for Brachypus Meyer." (Mathews, 1927, Syst. Av. Austral., I, p. 405)..