Macaroni Penguin / Eudyptes chrysolophus

Macaroni Penguin / Eudyptes chrysolophus

Macaroni Penguin

SCI Name:  Eudyptes chrysolophus
Protonym:  Catarhactes chrysolophus Bull.Sci.Acad.Imp.Sci.St.Petersb. 2 col.315
Category:  Sphenisciformes / Spheniscidae /
Taxonomy Code:  macpen1
Type Locality:  Falkland Islands.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1837
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

EUDYPTES
(Spheniscidae; Ϯ Rockhopper Penguin E. chrysocome) Gr. ευ eu  fine; δυτης dutēs  diver  < δυω duō  to dive; "272. Gorfou, Endyptes.  Aptenodytes, Linn. Gm. Lath.  Bec droit à la base, comprimé, sillonné obliquement; mandibule supérieure crochue; l'inférieure arrondie ou tronquée à la pointe. 2 sections.  Esp. Manchot des Hottentots. — Sauteur, Buff.  ....  Eudyptes  [ευ, bene, δυπτης, urinator]" (Vieillot 1816); "Eudyptes Vieillot, Analyse, 1816, p. 67, 70. Type, by subsequent designation, Catarrhactes chrysocome auct. = Aptenodytes crestata J. F. Miller." (Peters, 1931, I, p. 31); "Eudyptes Vieillot, 1816, Analyse, pp. 67, 70. Type, by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1840, List Gen. Birds, p. 77), Aptenodytes chrysocome Forster." (Falla & Mougin in Peters, 1979, I, 2nd. ed., p. 126).   
Var. Endyptes (original spelling).   
Synon. Catadyptes, Cataractes, Catarractes, Catarrhactes, Chrysocoma, Geopega, Microdyptes, Tasidyptes.

CHRYSOLOPHUS
(Phasianidae; Ϯ Golden Pheasant C. pictus) Gr. χρυσολοφος khrusolophos  with golden crest  < χρυσος khrusos  gold; λοφος lophos  crest; "[plate 41, fig.] 2. HEAD OF THE COMMON GOLDEN PHEASANT  ·  CHRYSOLOPHUS PICTUS. (Gray.)" (J. Gray 1834); "Chrysolophus J. E. Gray, in Hardwicke's Ill. Ind. Zool., 2, pt. 15-16, 1834, pl. 41, f. 2. Type, by monotypy, Phasianus pictus Linné." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 130).
Synon. Epomia, Thaumalea.
● (Tyrannidaesyn. Machetornis Ϯ Cattle Tyrant M. rixosa) "TYRAN QUERELLEUR ou SUIRIRI, Tyrannus rixosus, Vieill.  ...  les plumes du sommet de la tête, brunes à leur extrémité, et d'un rouge d'écarlate dans le reste" (Vieillot 1819); "CHRYSOLOPHUS, Sw.  Walking Tyrants.  Bill lengthened, as long as the head; the sides compressed.  Rictus bristled.  Wings rounded; the first two quills gradually pointed at their ends; tertials lengthened, nearly as long as the primaries.  Feet large, formed for walking.  Lateral toes equal.  Tail even.  Brazil.  C. ambulans. Spix, ii. pl. 23." (Swainson 1837); "Chrysolophus Swainson, 1837 (not of Gray, 1834), Class. Birds, 2, p. 225. Type, by monotypy, "C. ambulans. Spix, II, pl. 23" = Tyrannus rixosus Vieillot." (Traylor in Peters, 1979, VIII, p. 185).

chrysolophus / chrysolopos / chrysolopus
Gr. χρυσολοφος khrusolophos  with golden crest  < χρυσος khrusos  gold; λοφος lophos  crest.