Ocellated Quail / Cyrtonyx ocellatus

Ocellated Quail / Cyrtonyx ocellatus

Ocellated Quail

SCI Name:  Cyrtonyx ocellatus
Protonym:  Ortyx ocellatus Proc.Zool.Soc.London(1836) (1836), Pt4 no.44 p.75
Taxonomy:  Galliformes / Odontophoridae /
Taxonomy Code:  ocequa1
Type Locality:  Guatemala.
Publish Year:  1837
IUCN Status:  


(Odontophoridae; Ϯ Montezuma Quail C. montezumae) Gr. κυρτος kurtos  curved  < κυπτω kuptō  to stoop; ονυξ onux, ονυχος onukhos  nail, claw; "CYRTONYX MASSENA.  Massena's Partridge.  ...  No account whatever has yet reached us of the habits and economy of this species, which, judging from the comparative shortness of its toes and the great development of its claws, we may expect to be different from those of the other members of the family. The male is rendered exceedingly conspicuous by the singular disposition of the markings of the face, which are very strongly contrasted, and forcibly remind one of the painted face of the clown in a pantomime; the female on the other hand is very different in colour, and in the markings of the upper surface closely resembles the Common Quail of Europe." (Gould 1844); “The second section comprises two species, which, from the great size of their nails, I propose to form into a distinct genus under the title of CYRTONYX  ...  unguibus magnis, elongatis, curvatis, ad apicem crassis.  ...  nails very large, much lengthened, curved and thick at the point” (Gould 1850); "Cyrtonyx Gould, Monogr. Odontoph., pt. 1, 1844, pl. [2] and text [= pl. 7 of bound volume]. Type, by monotypy, Ortyx massena Lesson = Ortyx montezumae Vigors." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 57).

ocellata / ocellatum / ocellatus
L. ocellatus  ocellated, marked with eyelets < ocellus  eyelet  < dim. oculus  eye.
● ex “Capocier” or “Capolier” of Levaillant 1801-1804, pl. 130, fig. 1 (syn. Prinia maculosa).
● ex “Caille de l’Isle de Luçon” of Sonnerat 1776 (Turnix).