Mallard / Anas platyrhynchos

Mallard / Anas platyrhynchos

Mallard

SCI Name:  Anas platyrhynchos
Protonym:  Anas platyrhynchos Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.125
Category:  Anseriformes / Anatidae /
Taxonomy Code:  mallar3
Type Locality:  Europe; restricted to Sweden by Linnaeus, 1761, Fauna Svecica, ed. 2, p. 42.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ANAS
(Anatidae; Ϯ Mallard A. platyrhynchos) L. anas, anatis  duck.  The Mallard is the wild ancestor of the farmyard duck and its many domesticated forms; "61. ANAS.  Rostrum lamelloso-dentatum, convexum, obtusum.  Lingua ciliata, obtusa." (Linnaeus 1758); "Anas Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, p. 122. Type, by subsequent designation (Lesson, 1828, Man. Ornith., 2, p. 417), Anas boschas Linnaeus = Anas platyrhynchos Linnaeus." (Johnsgard in Peters, 1979, I, ed. 2, p. 460).  Linnaeus's Anas comprised thirty-nine species (A. Cygnus, A. Cygnoid, A. Tadorna, A. spectabilis, A. fusca, A. nigra, A. Anser, A. erythropus, A. canadensis, A. cærulescens, A. Bernicla, A. mollissima, A. moschata, A. bahamensis, A. Albeola, A. clypeata, A. platyrhynchos, A. strepera, A. bucephala, A. Clangula, A. rustica, A. perspicillata, A. Glaucion, A. Penelope, A. acuta, A. hyemalis, A. ferina, A. Querquedula, A. Crecca, A. histrionica, A. minuta, A. Circia, A. autumnalis, A. Boschas, A. adunca, A. galericulata, A. Sponsa, A. arborea, A. Fuligula).    
Var. Annas, AnosAnus, Asnas.   
Synon. Aethiopinetta, Afranas, Aldabranas, Archeoquerquedula, Boschas, Crecca, Dafila, Dafilonettion, Dafilula, Elasmonetta, Horizonetta, Melananas, Micronetta, Nesonetta, Nettion, Notonetta, Pachyanas, Paecilonitta, Phasianurus, Philippinetta, Polionetta, Trachelonetta, Virago, Xenonetta.

platyrhynchos / platyrhynchum
Gr. πλατυρρυγχος platurrhunkhos  broad-billed  < πλατυς platus  broad; ῥυγχος rhunkhos  bill.
● "61. ANAS.   ...   platyrhynchos.  17. A. macula alari purpurea utrinque nigra albaque, pectore rufescente. Fn. svec. 103.  Anas platyrhynchos, pedibis luteis. Aldr. orn. l. 19. c. 32. Will. orn. 284. Raj. av. 144.  Habitat in Europæ maritimis." (Linnaeus 1758); "The Mallard is one of the best of all ducks for eating, and is the original source from which tame ducks are derived." (Blanford 1898) (Anas).
● ex “Todus ex fusco lutescens ...” of Pallas 1769, and “Broad-billed Tody” of Latham 1782 (Platyrinchus).

Platyrhynchos
Gr. πλατυρρυγχος platurrhunkhos  broad-billed, broad-beaked  < πλατυς platus  broad; ῥυγχος rhunkhos  bill.
• (Eurylaimidae; syn. Eurylaimus Banded Broadbill E. javanicus) "2ème DIVISION.  PLATYRINQUE, Platyrhynchos.   Bec nu, ou garni à sa base de soies dirigées en avant, très-déprimé horizontalement, quelquefois trois fois plus large que haut à son origine, caréné en dessus, entaillé et crochu à la pointe de sa partie supérieure.  ...  LE PLATYRHYNQUE HORSFIELD, Platyrhynchos horsfieldi.  ...  Eurylaime horsfield, Theminck, pl. col.  ...  l'on trouve à Java et à Sumatra   ...   LE PLATYRHYNQUE BRUN, Platyrhynchos fuscus.  ...  Todus platyrhynchos, Linn., Gm.  ...  Todus rostratus, Lath.  ...  trouve au Sénégal" (Vieillot 1825); "Platyrhynchos Vieillot, 1825, Galerie Oiseaux, I (2), p. 199.  Type, by subsequent designation and monotypy (T. Brown, 1833, Zoologists Text-book, I, p. 191), Platyrhynchos horsfieldi, i.e. Eurylaimus horsfieldi Temminck, 1823 = Eurylaimus javanicus Horsfield, 1821." (JAJ 2021).
• (Tyrannidae; syn. Platyrinchus † White-crested Spadebill P. platyrhynchos) "111.  PLATYRHYNQUE, PlatyrhynchosTodus. Gm. Lath.  Bec garni à la base de soies dirigés en avant, large, très-déprimé, caréné en dessus, crochu à la pointe.   Esp.  Todus platyrhynchos, Gm." (Vieillot 1816); "Platyrhynchos Vieillot, 1816, Analyse, p. 39.  Type, by monotypy, Todus platyrhynchos Gmelin, 1788." (JAJ 2021).

SUBSPECIES

Mallard (platyrhynchos)
SCI Name: Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos
platyrhynchos / platyrhynchum
Gr. πλατυρρυγχος platurrhunkhos  broad-billed  < πλατυς platus  broad; ῥυγχος rhunkhos  bill.
● "61. ANAS.   ...   platyrhynchos.  17. A. macula alari purpurea utrinque nigra albaque, pectore rufescente. Fn. svec. 103.  Anas platyrhynchos, pedibis luteis. Aldr. orn. l. 19. c. 32. Will. orn. 284. Raj. av. 144.  Habitat in Europæ maritimis." (Linnaeus 1758); "The Mallard is one of the best of all ducks for eating, and is the original source from which tame ducks are derived." (Blanford 1898) (Anas).
● ex “Todus ex fusco lutescens ...” of Pallas 1769, and “Broad-billed Tody” of Latham 1782 (Platyrinchus).

Mallard (conboschas)
SCI Name: Anas platyrhynchos conboschas
conboschas
L. cum (old form com)  together with; specific name Anas boschas Linnaeus, 1766 (= syn. Anas platyrhynchos).