Mandarin Duck / Aix galericulata

Mandarin Duck / Aix galericulata

Mandarin Duck

SCI Name:  Aix galericulata
Protonym:  Anas galericulata Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.128
Category:  Anseriformes / Anatidae /
Taxonomy Code:  manduc
Type Locality:  China.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

AIX
(Anatidae; Ϯ Wood Duck A. sponsa) Gr. αιξ aix, αιγος aigos  large web-footed bird mentioned by Aristotle, not further identified, but since conjectured to be a small goose or a large duck. According to Gessner 1555, Aldrovandus 1599-1603, and other authors this was also a name for the Lapwing Vanellus (cf. αιξ aix, αιγος aigos  goat); "Fam. Anatidae Leach.  ...  Gattung Aix. 3   Hierher aus Asien: 1. Anas galericulata Lin.  2. — falcaria Pall.   America: 3. Anas sponsa Lin. Wils. pl. 70. fig. 3.  ...  Name eines Wasservogels bey Aristot." (Boie 1828); "Aix Boie, Isis, 21, 1828, p. 329. Type, by subsequent designation, Anas sponsa Linné. (Eyton, Monogr. Anat., 1838, p. 35.)" (Peters 1931, I, p. 170).
Var. AexAia.
Synon. Dendronessa, Lampronessa.

galericulata / galericulatus
Late Med. L. galericulatus  hooded  < L. galericulum  peruke, wig  < dim. galerum  cap, bonnet  < galea  helmet.
● "61  ANAS.  ...  galericulata.  36. A. crista dependente, dorsoque postico utrinque penna recurvata compressa elevata.  Querquedula sinensis elegans. Edw. av. 102, t. 102.  Kinmodsuis. Kæmph. jap. 129. t. 10.  Habitat in China.  Crista viridis rubraque. Rostrum & Pedes rubri. Dorsum fuscum maculis cæruleis. Pennæ dorsi erectæ rufæ obtusæ. Remex intimus, clausis alis, altero margine erigitur supra dorsum, rufus, antrorsum falcatus." (Linnaeus 1758) (Aix).
● ex “Faucon Huppé” of Levaillant 1798, pl. 28 (syn. Crinifer piscator).
● ex “Geai Noir à Collier Blanc” of Levaillant 1801 (Platylophus).