Mikado Pheasant / Syrmaticus mikado

Mikado Pheasant / Syrmaticus mikado

Mikado Pheasant

SCI Name:  Syrmaticus mikado
Protonym:  Calophasis mikado Bull.Br.Orn.Club 16 p.122
Taxonomy:  Galliformes / Phasianidae /
Taxonomy Code:  mikphe1
Type Locality:  Mount Arizan, central Formosa; the ''type'' is a pair of central rectrices.
Publish Year:  1906
IUCN Status:  


(Phasianidae; Ϯ Reeves's Pheasant S. reevesii) Gr. συρμα surma, συρματος surmatos  robe with a long train; "21. Genus, Syrmaticus Wagl.  Schleppfasan.   Character Phasiani; rostrum rectiusculum, gracilius, depressiusculum; cauda enormi longitudine, lanceolata Phasiani, exclusis rectricibus quatuor intermediis tectiformibus; rectrices (18) angustae, acuminatae, rhachide longitudinaliter exarata.  Ptilosis: plumae Phasiani sed uropygii et tectrices caudae superiores compactae, squamiformes; cornicula plumarum ad occipitis latera nulla.   Species: 1. Syrmat. Reevesii (Phas. Reev. Hardw. et GrayPhas. venerat. Temm. Pl. col. 485)" (Wagler 1832); "Syrmaticus Wagler, Isis von Oken, 1832, col. 1229. Type, by monotypy, Phasianus reevesii J. E. Gray." (Peters 1934, II, 128).
Synon. Calophasis, Cyanophasis, Graphephasianus, Neocalophasis.

Japanese mikado  illustrious gate, an obsolete honorific given to the Emperor < mi  august; kado  door (the name was never used in Japan) (cf. Sublime Porte, high gate, a former term for the Sultan of the Ottomans, his court and government) (see dairi).
● Mutsuhito or Meiji Emperor of Japan (1852-1912; reigned 1867-1912) (Syrmaticus).
● Hirohito or Showa Emperor of Japan (1901-1989; reigned 1926-1989) (subsp. Turnix sylvaticus).