Pelagic Cormorant / Phalacrocorax pelagicus

Pelagic Cormorant / Phalacrocorax pelagicus

Pelagic Cormorant

SCI Name:  Phalacrocorax pelagicus
Protonym:  Phalacrocorax pelagicus Zoogr.Rosso-Asiat. 2 p.303
Category:  Suliformes / Phalacrocoracidae /
Taxonomy Code:  pelcor
Type Locality:  eastern Kamchatka and the Aleutian Islands.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1811
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PHALACROCORAX
(Phalacrocoracidae; Ϯ Great Cormorant P. carbo) L. phalacrocorax, phalacrocoracis  cormorant  < Gr. φαλακροκοραξ phalakrokorax,  φαλακροκορακος phalakrokorakos  cormorant  < φαλακρος phalakros  bald-headed  < φαλος phalos  white; ακρος akros  topmost; κοραξ korax, κορακος korakos  raven  < κρωζω krōzō  to croak; "LE CORMORAN  ...  PHALACROCORAX  ...  Juxta maris littora versatur, paludesque frequentat. Modo in rupibus, modo in arboribus excelsis nidificat" (Brisson 1760): based on "Phalacrocorax" and "Corvus aquaticus" of many authors, "Carbo aquaticus" of Gessner 1555, and Linnaeus 1748, "Morfex" of Gessner 1555, Aldrovandus 1599-1603, Jonston 1650-1653, and Charleton 1668, "Nonnullis" of Gessner 1555, Schwenckfeld 1603, and Klein 1750, "Pelecanus subtus albicans" of Linnaeus 1746, "Plancus Corvus" of Klein 1750, and Pelecanus Carbo Linnaeus, 1758; "Phalacrocorax Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 60. Type, by tautonymy, Phalacrocorax = Pelecanus carbo Linné." (Peters 1931, 1, 85). The Great Cormorant was formerly trained in England to catch fish, but that necessary pastime can now only be seen in the Far East.   
Var. PhalaciocoraxPhalocrocorax, Phalarocorax, Phelacrocorax.   
Synon. Anacarbo, Botaurites, Carbo, Carbonarius, Compsohalieus, Cormoranus, Dilophalieus, Ecmeles, Enygrotheres, Euleucocarbo, Graculus, Graucalus, Gripeus, Gulosus, Halieus, Hydrocorax, Hypoleucus, Leucocarbo, Mesocarbo, Nannopterum, Nesocarbo, Notocarbo, Oligocorax, Pallasicarbo, Paracorax, Pliocarbo, Poikilocarbo, Pseudocarbo, Stictocarbo, Urile, Viguacarbo.
● (syn. Rynchops Ϯ Black Skimmer R. niger) "109. ZWEMMERGANS, in het Latyn Phalacrocorax.  Vogel van Madras met een scheermes-snabel.  PETIVER by RAY. Syn. Av. 194. f. 5." (Moehring 1758).

phalacrocorax
L. phalacrocorax, phalacrocoracis  cormorant  < Gr. φαλακροκοραξ phalakrokorax, φαλακροκορακος phalakrokorakos  cormorant  < φαλακρος phalakros  bald-headed  < φαλος phalos  white; ακρος akros  topmost; κοραξ korax, κορακος korakos  raven  < κρωζω krōzō  to croak.
● ex Phalacrocorax Brisson, 1760 (syn. Phalacrocorax carbo).

pelagica / pelagicus
L. pelagicus  marine, pelagic  < Gr. πελαγικος pelagikos  of the sea  < πελαγος pelagos  sea.
● "21. AQUILA pelagica.  ...  Aquila marina Steller. MS.  ...  Billings, navarcho qui Oceanum inter Camtschatcam et Americam ultimo exploravit, mihi relatum.  Frequens est maxima haec avis in Insulis inter Camtschatcam et Continentem Americes, praesertim in infami naufragio et morte Beringii insula" (Pallas 1811) (Haliaeetus).
● "64. PROCELLARIA.  ...  pelagica.  1. P. nigra, uropygio albo. Fn. svec. 249. Act. Stockh. 1745. p. 93. t. . .  Peteril. Clus. exot. 368. Damp. itin. 3. p. 97. Alb. av. 3. p. 87. t. 92. Edw. av. 90. t. 90. f. 1. Hirundo marina major apus, rostro adunco. Barr. æquin. 134.  Larus minimus, naribus tubulosis. Catesb. carol. 3. p. 14. t. 14.  Fregata marina apus subtus alba, superne nigra. Barr. av. 73.  Habitat in albo Oceano." (Linnaeus 1758) (Hydrobates).
● "366. PHALACROCORAX pelagicus.  ...  Corvus aquaticus, Morskoi Uril Stell. obs. MS. Latham.  ...  Cum praecedente maris Camtschatici orientalis et Americanarum insularum incola, praesertim scopulos a continente longius remotos frequentans ubi et hybernant." (Pallas 1811) (Phalacrororax).  
● L. Pelasgica  Pelasgian, after the Pelasgi, one of the nomadic tribes of ancient Greece (cf. Attic names used for swifts and swallows); "101. HIRUNDO.  ...  pelagica.  7. H. rectricibus æqualibus apice subulatis, nudis.  Hirundo, cauda aculeata, americana. Catesb. car. 3. p. 8. t. 8.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Chaetura). 

SUBSPECIES

Pelagic Cormorant (pelagicus)
SCI Name: Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus
pelagica / pelagicus
L. pelagicus  marine, pelagic  < Gr. πελαγικος pelagikos  of the sea  < πελαγος pelagos  sea.
● "21. AQUILA pelagica.  ...  Aquila marina Steller. MS.  ...  Billings, navarcho qui Oceanum inter Camtschatcam et Americam ultimo exploravit, mihi relatum.  Frequens est maxima haec avis in Insulis inter Camtschatcam et Continentem Americes, praesertim in infami naufragio et morte Beringii insula" (Pallas 1811) (Haliaeetus).
● "64. PROCELLARIA.  ...  pelagica.  1. P. nigra, uropygio albo. Fn. svec. 249. Act. Stockh. 1745. p. 93. t. . .  Peteril. Clus. exot. 368. Damp. itin. 3. p. 97. Alb. av. 3. p. 87. t. 92. Edw. av. 90. t. 90. f. 1. Hirundo marina major apus, rostro adunco. Barr. æquin. 134.  Larus minimus, naribus tubulosis. Catesb. carol. 3. p. 14. t. 14.  Fregata marina apus subtus alba, superne nigra. Barr. av. 73.  Habitat in albo Oceano." (Linnaeus 1758) (Hydrobates).
● "366. PHALACROCORAX pelagicus.  ...  Corvus aquaticus, Morskoi Uril Stell. obs. MS. Latham.  ...  Cum praecedente maris Camtschatici orientalis et Americanarum insularum incola, praesertim scopulos a continente longius remotos frequentans ubi et hybernant." (Pallas 1811) (Phalacrororax).  
● L. Pelasgica  Pelasgian, after the Pelasgi, one of the nomadic tribes of ancient Greece (cf. Attic names used for swifts and swallows); "101. HIRUNDO.  ...  pelagica.  7. H. rectricibus æqualibus apice subulatis, nudis.  Hirundo, cauda aculeata, americana. Catesb. car. 3. p. 8. t. 8.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Chaetura). 

Pelagic Cormorant (resplendens)
SCI Name: Phalacrocorax pelagicus resplendens
resplendens
L. resplendens, resplendentis  glittering, shining  < resplendere  to reflect, to glitter.