Pallas’s Cormorant / Phalacrocorax perspicillatus

Pallas\'s Cormorant / Phalacrocorax perspicillatus

Pallas's Cormorant

SCI Name:  Phalacrocorax perspicillatus
Protonym:  Phalacrocorax perspicillatus Zoogr.Rosso-Asiat. 2 p.305
Category:  Suliformes / Phalacrocoracidae /
Taxonomy Code:  palcor1
Type Locality:  Bering Island.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1811
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PHALACROCORAX
(Phalacrocoracidae; Ϯ Great Cormorant P. carbo) L. phalacrocorax, phalacrocoracis  cormorant  < Gr. φαλακροκοραξ phalakrokorax,  φαλακροκορακος phalakrokorakos  cormorant  < φαλακρος phalakros  bald-headed  < φαλος phalos  white; ακρος akros  topmost; κοραξ korax, κορακος korakos  raven  < κρωζω krōzō  to croak; "LE CORMORAN  ...  PHALACROCORAX  ...  Juxta maris littora versatur, paludesque frequentat. Modo in rupibus, modo in arboribus excelsis nidificat" (Brisson 1760): based on "Phalacrocorax" and "Corvus aquaticus" of many authors, "Carbo aquaticus" of Gessner 1555, and Linnaeus 1748, "Morfex" of Gessner 1555, Aldrovandus 1599-1603, Jonston 1650-1653, and Charleton 1668, "Nonnullis" of Gessner 1555, Schwenckfeld 1603, and Klein 1750, "Pelecanus subtus albicans" of Linnaeus 1746, "Plancus Corvus" of Klein 1750, and Pelecanus Carbo Linnaeus, 1758; "Phalacrocorax Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 60. Type, by tautonymy, Phalacrocorax = Pelecanus carbo Linné." (Peters 1931, 1, 85). The Great Cormorant was formerly trained in England to catch fish, but that necessary pastime can now only be seen in the Far East.   
Var. PhalaciocoraxPhalocrocorax, Phalarocorax, Phelacrocorax.   
Synon. Anacarbo, Botaurites, Carbo, Carbonarius, Compsohalieus, Cormoranus, Dilophalieus, Ecmeles, Enygrotheres, Euleucocarbo, Graculus, Graucalus, Gripeus, Gulosus, Halieus, Hydrocorax, Hypoleucus, Leucocarbo, Mesocarbo, Nannopterum, Nesocarbo, Notocarbo, Oligocorax, Pallasicarbo, Paracorax, Pliocarbo, Poikilocarbo, Pseudocarbo, Stictocarbo, Urile, Viguacarbo.
● (syn. Rynchops Ϯ Black Skimmer R. niger) "109. ZWEMMERGANS, in het Latyn Phalacrocorax.  Vogel van Madras met een scheermes-snabel.  PETIVER by RAY. Syn. Av. 194. f. 5." (Moehring 1758).

phalacrocorax
L. phalacrocorax, phalacrocoracis  cormorant  < Gr. φαλακροκοραξ phalakrokorax, φαλακροκορακος phalakrokorakos  cormorant  < φαλακρος phalakros  bald-headed  < φαλος phalos  white; ακρος akros  topmost; κοραξ korax, κορακος korakos  raven  < κρωζω krōzō  to croak.
● ex Phalacrocorax Brisson, 1760 (syn. Phalacrocorax carbo).

perspicillata / perspicillatum / perspicillatus
Mod. L. perspicillatus  spectacled  < L. perspicillum  lens, spectacle  < perspicere  to see through.
● ex “Merle de la Chine” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 604, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Spectacle Thrush” of Latham 1783 (Garrulax).
● ex “Clignot” or “Traquet à lunette” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Spectacle Warbler” of Latham 1783 (Hymenops).
● "61. ANAS.  ...  perspicillata.  22. A. nigra, vertice nuchaque albis, macula nigra rostri pone nares.  Anas canadensis major niger. Edw. av. 155. t. 155.  Habitat in Canada." (Linnaeus 1758) (Melanitta).
● ex “Spectacle-Owl” of Latham 1787 (Pulsatrix).
● ex “Gobe-Mouche à Lunettes” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 152 (syn. Rhipidura javanica).