Pied-billed Grebe / Podilymbus podiceps

Pied-billed Grebe / Podilymbus podiceps

Pied-billed Grebe

SCI Name:  Podilymbus podiceps
Protonym:  Colymbus Podiceps Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.136
Category:  Podicipediformes / Podicipedidae /
Taxonomy Code:  pibgre
Type Locality:  Carolina; restricted to South Carolina by Amer. Ornith. Union, 1931, Checklist North Amer. Birds, ed. 4, p. 5.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PODILYMBUS
(Podicipedidae; Ϯ Pied-billed Grebe P. podiceps) Portmanteau of genera Podiceps Latham, 1787, grebe, and Colymbus Linnaeus, 1758, grebe; "II.e Sous-genre. Podilymbus.   Bec court, haut, très-comprimé, convexe et arrondi en dessus, à mandibule supérieure recourbée, terminée en crochet; la mandibule inférieure très-mince, droite en dessous,  échancrée à son sommet, et plus courte que la supérieure; bords coupans, légèrement fléchis; fosses nasales latérales, larges, recouvertes par une membrane; narines rondes.   12.º  GRÈBE A BEC CERCLÉ; Podiceps carolinensis, Lath.; Colymbus podiceps, Gm., et Colymbus ludovicianus, Gm.; Enl., 943; Catesby, pl. 91; Vieill., Gal., texte, t. II, p. 204." (Lesson 1831); "Podilymbus Lesson, Traité d'Orn., livr. 8, 1831, p. 595. Type, by monotypy, Podiceps carolinensis Latham = Colymbus podiceps Linné." (Peters 1931, 1, 41).
Var. Podilimbus, Podilymnus.
Synon. Hydroka, Nexiteles, Phalaropsis, Sylbeocyclus.

PODICEPS
(Podicipedidae; Ϯ Great Crested Grebe P. cristatus) L. podex, podicis  vent, anus; pes, pedis  foot  < Gr. πους pous, ποδος podos  foot; the legs of the Great Crested Grebe are set back to the rear of the body, giving rise to a former name “Arsefoot” which may have influenced Latham's coinage; "GENUS LXXIX.  GREBE.  PODICEPS, (Colymbus, Lin.)" (Latham 1787); "Podiceps Latham, 1787, General Synop. Birds, Suppl., p. 294. Type, by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1840, List Gen. Birds, p. 76) and under plenary powers of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1956, Opin. Decl. Rend., 13, p. 4, Colymbus cristatus Linnaeus." (Storer in Peters 1979, 1, 2nd. ed., 148).   
Var. PodicepesPodicipes, Pocicpes.   
Synon. Calipareus, Colymbus, Dytes, Lophaithyia, Otodytes, Pedetaithya, Podicephorus, Proctopus, Thiornis.

podiceps
L. podex, podicis  vent, anus; pes, pedis  foot  < Gr. πους pous, ποδος podos  foot.
● "*4.  Ard. podiceps, Bp. Mus. Paris. a Berniero 1834.  ex Madagascar." (Bonaparte 1855); probably alluding to the vaguely grebe-like plumage, slender bill and short tail of the Little Bittern (subsp. Ixobrychus minutus).
● "68. COLYMBUS.  ...  Podiceps.  4. C. pedibus lobatis, corpore fusco, rostro fascia sesqui altera.  Podiceps minor, rostro vario. Catesb. car. 1. p. 91. t. 91.  Habitat in America septentrionali." (Linnaeus 1758) (Podilymbus).

SUBSPECIES

Pied-billed Grebe (podiceps)
SCI Name: Podilymbus podiceps podiceps
PODICEPS
(Podicipedidae; Ϯ Great Crested Grebe P. cristatus) L. podex, podicis  vent, anus; pes, pedis  foot  < Gr. πους pous, ποδος podos  foot; the legs of the Great Crested Grebe are set back to the rear of the body, giving rise to a former name “Arsefoot” which may have influenced Latham's coinage; "GENUS LXXIX.  GREBE.  PODICEPS, (Colymbus, Lin.)" (Latham 1787); "Podiceps Latham, 1787, General Synop. Birds, Suppl., p. 294. Type, by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1840, List Gen. Birds, p. 76) and under plenary powers of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1956, Opin. Decl. Rend., 13, p. 4, Colymbus cristatus Linnaeus." (Storer in Peters 1979, 1, 2nd. ed., 148).   
Var. PodicepesPodicipes, Pocicpes.   
Synon. Calipareus, Colymbus, Dytes, Lophaithyia, Otodytes, Pedetaithya, Podicephorus, Proctopus, Thiornis.

Pied-billed Grebe (antillarum)
SCI Name: Podilymbus podiceps antillarum
antillarum / antillensis
Mod. L. Antillarum or Antillensis  of the Antilles, the islands of the West Indies (Antilia, a fictitious land or island of the Atlantic Ocean that appeared on mediaeval charts).

Pied-billed Grebe (antarcticus)
SCI Name: Podilymbus podiceps antarcticus
antarctica / antarcticus
L. antarcticus  southern, antarctic  < Gr. ανταρκτικος antarktikos  antarctic  < αντι anti  opposite; αρκτος arktos  north.
● Tierra del Fuego; ex “Antarctic Goose” of Latham 1785 (syn. Chloephaga hybrida).
● Antarctic Ocean; ex “Procellaria glacialis, var. β” of Latham 1790 (syn. Fulmarus glacialoides).
● "The vast Island or rather Continent of Australia, Australasia, or New Holland ... Antarctic Pigeon ... Its most distinguishing character is the elegant semi-pendent occipital crest" (Shaw 1794) (Lopholaimus).
● Falklands Is., New Zealand and New Holland; ex “Statenland Eagle” of Latham 1781 (syn. Phalcoboenus australis).
● Within the Antarctic Circle between lat. 36º S and 61º S; ex “Petrel brun et blanc” of de Bougainville 1771, “Antarctic Peteril” of Cook 1777, and Latham 1785, and “Pétrel Antarctique” or “Damier brun” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (Thalassoica).