Red Junglefowl / Gallus gallus

Red Junglefowl / Gallus gallus

Red Junglefowl

SCI Name:  Gallus gallus
Protonym:  Phasianus Gallus Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.158
Category:  Galliformes / Phasianidae /
Taxonomy Code:  redjun
Type Locality:  'India orientali, Pouli condor etc.'' Restricted type locality. Island of Pulo Condor, off the mouths of the Mekong.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

GALLUS
(Phasianidae; Red Junglefowl G. gallus) L. gallus  cockerel, farmyard cock; the Red Junglefowl is the wild ancestor from which all domestic chickens are derived; "Gallus. Genus 3.  ...  **1. LE COQ ET LA POULE. Gallus versicolor. . . .GALLUS DOMESTICUS.  GALLINA DOMESTICA." (Brisson 1760): based on "Gallus", "Gallus Gallinaceus", and "Gallina" of Gessner 1555, and numerous other authors; "Gallus Brisson, Orn. 1, 1760, p. 26, 166. Type, by tautonymy, "Gallus" = Phasianus gallus Linné." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 118).
Synon. Alector, Creagrius, Gallina, Pliogallus.

gallus
L. gallus  farmyard cock, cockerel.
● "90. PHASIANUS.  ...  Gallus.  1. P. cauda compressa adscendente. Fn. svec. 165.  Gallus gallinaceus s. Gallina. Gesn. av. 395. 340. Aldr. orn. l. 14. c. 1. Will. orn. 109. t. 26. Raj. av. 51.   cristatusβ. Gallina crista in vertice plumosa desissima. Raj. av. 51.   ecaudatus. γ. Gallina cauda s. uropygio carens. Raj. av. 51.   crispus. δ. Gallina frislandica. Will. orn. 110. Gallina crispa. Raj. av. 51. Aldr. orn. l. 14. p. 329.   pusillus. ε. Gallus tibiis pennatis. Gallina bentamensis. Alb. av. 3. p. 33. t. 33. 34.  Habitat in India Orientali: Pouli candor, &cGallus pugnax, superbus celsa crista, erecta falcataque cauda, vigil, plaudentibus lateribus canens gallicinia, salax 10. feminis sufficit. Gallina pulveratrix ova copiosa ponit, raro subventanea, nisi Capis associata; cibis expetita ova, caro, juscula galli senioris. Læditur baccis Sambuci; a pediculis liberatur pipere." (Linnaeus 1758) (Gallus).

GALLUS
(Phasianidae; Red Junglefowl G. gallus) L. gallus  cockerel, farmyard cock; the Red Junglefowl is the wild ancestor from which all domestic chickens are derived; "Gallus. Genus 3.  ...  **1. LE COQ ET LA POULE. Gallus versicolor. . . .GALLUS DOMESTICUS.  GALLINA DOMESTICA." (Brisson 1760): based on "Gallus", "Gallus Gallinaceus", and "Gallina" of Gessner 1555, and numerous other authors; "Gallus Brisson, Orn. 1, 1760, p. 26, 166. Type, by tautonymy, "Gallus" = Phasianus gallus Linné." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 118).
Synon. Alector, Creagrius, Gallina, Pliogallus.

gallus
L. gallus  farmyard cock, cockerel.
● "90. PHASIANUS.  ...  Gallus.  1. P. cauda compressa adscendente. Fn. svec. 165.  Gallus gallinaceus s. Gallina. Gesn. av. 395. 340. Aldr. orn. l. 14. c. 1. Will. orn. 109. t. 26. Raj. av. 51.   cristatusβ. Gallina crista in vertice plumosa desissima. Raj. av. 51.   ecaudatus. γ. Gallina cauda s. uropygio carens. Raj. av. 51.   crispus. δ. Gallina frislandica. Will. orn. 110. Gallina crispa. Raj. av. 51. Aldr. orn. l. 14. p. 329.   pusillus. ε. Gallus tibiis pennatis. Gallina bentamensis. Alb. av. 3. p. 33. t. 33. 34.  Habitat in India Orientali: Pouli candor, &cGallus pugnax, superbus celsa crista, erecta falcataque cauda, vigil, plaudentibus lateribus canens gallicinia, salax 10. feminis sufficit. Gallina pulveratrix ova copiosa ponit, raro subventanea, nisi Capis associata; cibis expetita ova, caro, juscula galli senioris. Læditur baccis Sambuci; a pediculis liberatur pipere." (Linnaeus 1758) (Gallus).

SUBSPECIES

Red Junglefowl (murghi)
SCI Name: Gallus gallus murghi
murghi
Hindi names Mūrgha and Mūrghi respectively for the cock and hen Red Junglefowl (subsp. Gallus gallus).

Red Junglefowl (spadiceus)
SCI Name: Gallus gallus spadiceus
spadicea / spadiceus
Mod. L. spadiceus  chestnut-brown, bay-coloured  < L. spadix, spadicis  chestnut-coloured, date-coloured  < Gr. σπαδιξ spadix, σπαδικος  spadikos palm-coloured, bay  < σπαω spaō  to pluck.
● ex “Yellow-rumped Fly-catcher” (= rufous phase) of Latham 1783 (Attila).
● ex “Chocolate Albatross” (= ☼) of Latham 1785 (syn. Diomedea exulans).
● ex “Perdix rouge de Madagascar” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Brown African Partridge” of Latham 1783 (Galloperdix).
● ex “Ardea mexicana” or “Avis Xoxonquihoactli” of Seba 1734-1765, “Ardea mexicana purpurascens” of Brisson 1760, “Crabier pourpré” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Mexican Heron” of Latham 1785 (unident;?Ixobrychus exilis).
● ex “Brown Tern” of Latham 1785 (syn. Onychoprion fuscatus).

Red Junglefowl (jabouillei)
SCI Name: Gallus gallus jabouillei
jabouillei
Pierre Charles Edmond Jabouille (1875-1947) French colonial administrator, ornithologist, editor of L’Oiseau (subsp. Gallus gallus, subsp. Lalage polioptera).

Red Junglefowl (gallus)
SCI Name: Gallus gallus gallus
GALLUS
(Phasianidae; Red Junglefowl G. gallus) L. gallus  cockerel, farmyard cock; the Red Junglefowl is the wild ancestor from which all domestic chickens are derived; "Gallus. Genus 3.  ...  **1. LE COQ ET LA POULE. Gallus versicolor. . . .GALLUS DOMESTICUS.  GALLINA DOMESTICA." (Brisson 1760): based on "Gallus", "Gallus Gallinaceus", and "Gallina" of Gessner 1555, and numerous other authors; "Gallus Brisson, Orn. 1, 1760, p. 26, 166. Type, by tautonymy, "Gallus" = Phasianus gallus Linné." (Peters, 1934, II, p. 118).
Synon. Alector, Creagrius, Gallina, Pliogallus.

Red Junglefowl (bankiva)
SCI Name: Gallus gallus bankiva
bankiva
Javan names Ayam Bankiva, Bengkiwo and Bekikko for the Red Junglefowl (subsp. Gallus gallus).