Ring-necked Pheasant / Phasianus colchicus

Ring-necked Pheasant / Phasianus colchicus

Ring-necked Pheasant

SCI Name:  Phasianus colchicus
Protonym:  Phasianus colchicus Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.158
Category:  Galliformes / Phasianidae /
Taxonomy Code:  rinphe
Type Locality:  Africa, Asia = Rion [formerly Phasis].
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PHASIANUS
(Phasianidae; Ϯ Common Pheasant P. colchicus) L. phasianus  pheasant < Gr. φασιανος phasianos  pheasant. The Phasian birds were first found by the Argonauts on the banks of the River Phasis in Colchis. In ornithology phasis  < Med. L. phasis avis  pheasant, Phasian bird, is frequently used as a substitute for phasianus; "90. PHASIANUS.  Genæ cute nuda lævigata." (Linnaeus 1758); "Phasianus Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 158. Type, by tautonymy, Phasianus colchicus Linné. (Phasianus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters 1934, II, 121). Linnaeus's Phasianus comprised five species (P. Gallus, P. Meleagris, P. colchicus, P. pictus, P. nycthemerus). 
Var. Phasiauns.

phasianus
L. phasianus  pheasant  < Gr. φασιανος phasianos  pheasant.
● ex Phasianus colchicus Linnaeus, 1758 (syn. Phasianus colchicus).

colchica / colchicus
L. Colchicus of Colchis < Gr. Κολχις Kolkhis, a country on the eastern shores of the Black Sea (= western Georgia) whence pheasants were first discovered.
● "9. Xylocopus minor colchicus nov. subsp.  ...  Caucasum septentrionalem et Transcaucasiam, parte meridionali-orientali exclusa, inhabitans."(Buturlin 1908) (subsp. Dryobates minor).
● TL. Kutais district, South Caucasus (syn. Leiopicus medius caucasicus).
● "90. PHASIANUS.  ...  colchicus.  3. P. rufus, capite cæruleo.  Phasianus. Raj. av. 56. Alb. av. I. p. 24. t. 25. 26. Olin. av. 49. Aldr. orn. l. 13. c. 5.  Habitat in Africa, Asia.  Principum mensis dicatus." (Linnaeus 1758) (Phasianus).

SUBSPECIES

Ring-necked Pheasant (Ring-necked)
SCI Name: Phasianus colchicus [colchicus Group]
PHASIANUS
(Phasianidae; Ϯ Common Pheasant P. colchicus) L. phasianus  pheasant < Gr. φασιανος phasianos  pheasant. The Phasian birds were first found by the Argonauts on the banks of the River Phasis in Colchis. In ornithology phasis  < Med. L. phasis avis  pheasant, Phasian bird, is frequently used as a substitute for phasianus; "90. PHASIANUS.  Genæ cute nuda lævigata." (Linnaeus 1758); "Phasianus Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 158. Type, by tautonymy, Phasianus colchicus Linné. (Phasianus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters 1934, II, 121). Linnaeus's Phasianus comprised five species (P. Gallus, P. Meleagris, P. colchicus, P. pictus, P. nycthemerus). 
Var. Phasiauns.

Ring-necked Pheasant (Green)
SCI Name: Phasianus colchicus [versicolor Group]
PHASIANUS
(Phasianidae; Ϯ Common Pheasant P. colchicus) L. phasianus  pheasant < Gr. φασιανος phasianos  pheasant. The Phasian birds were first found by the Argonauts on the banks of the River Phasis in Colchis. In ornithology phasis  < Med. L. phasis avis  pheasant, Phasian bird, is frequently used as a substitute for phasianus; "90. PHASIANUS.  Genæ cute nuda lævigata." (Linnaeus 1758); "Phasianus Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 158. Type, by tautonymy, Phasianus colchicus Linné. (Phasianus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters 1934, II, 121). Linnaeus's Phasianus comprised five species (P. Gallus, P. Meleagris, P. colchicus, P. pictus, P. nycthemerus). 
Var. Phasiauns.