Scissor-tailed Nightjar / Hydropsalis torquata

Scissor-tailed Nightjar / Hydropsalis torquata

Scissor-tailed Nightjar

SCI Name:  Hydropsalis torquata
Protonym:  Caprimulgus torquatus Syst.Nat. 1 pt2 p.1032
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Caprimulgidae /
Taxonomy Code:  sctnig2
Type Locality:  Brazil.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1789
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

HYDROPSALIS
(Caprimulgidae; Ϯ Scissor-tailed Nightjar H. torquata furcifer) Gr. ὑδρο- hudro-  water-  < ὑδωρ hudōr, ὑδατος hudatos  water; ψαλις psalis, ψαλιδος psalidos  pair of scissors; "A. Hirundines terrestres.  Genus. Hydropsalis, Wasserscheere (Nov. Gen.)   Character universalis Caprimulgi; cauda profunde furcata, rectrice utrinque extima elongatissima.   Species:  1. Hydrops. Azarae (Engoulevent à queue en ciseau AzarCaprimulgus furcifer Vieill.,  Caprim. psalurus Temm. Pl. col. 157 ♂  158 ♀)  —  2. H. manurus (Caprim. manurus Vieill. n. d. X. p. 239.)    Hydrops. Azarae erscheint in Paraguay mitten im Winter (nie im Frühjahre oder Sommer); fliegt beständig über dem Wasser der Flüsse und an deren Ufern hin und her. Bei Aenderungen der Flugrichtung breitet er die langen seitlichen Federn des Schwanzes wie die Klingen eines Scheere auseinander." (Wagler 1832); "Hydropsalis Wagler, Isis von Oken, 1832, col. 1222. Type, by subsequent designation, Caprimulgus furcifer Vieillot (G. R. Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 11)." (Peters, 1940, IV, p. 217).
Var. Hydropsallis, Hydropsalia, PydrosalisPydropsalis.
Synon. Antiurus, Diplopsalis, Psalurus, Stenopsis, Thermochalcis.

torquata
L. torquatus  collared  < torques  collar, necklace  < torquere  to twist.
● ex “Pato collar negro” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 441 (syn. Callonetta leucophrys).
● ex “Guira-querea” of Ray 1713, “Tette-Chèvre du Brésil” of Brisson 1760, and “Gold-collared Goatsucker” of Latham 1783 (Hydropsalis).
● ex “Rasle à collier des Philippines” of Brisson 1760 (Hypotaenidia).
● ex “Martin-pescheur hupé du Méxique” of Brisson 1760 (Megaceryle).
● ex “Fourmilier de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 700, fig. 1 (Myrmornis).
● ex “Chouette à Collier” of Levaillant 1799, pl. 42 (syn. Pulsatrix perspicillata).
● ex “Maizi de Miacatototl” of Seba 1734, and de Buffon 1770-1783, “Manacus torquatus” of Brisson 1760, and “Collared Manakin” of Latham 1783 (unident.).

SUBSPECIES

Scissor-tailed Nightjar (torquata)
SCI Name: Hydropsalis torquata torquata
torquata
L. torquatus  collared  < torques  collar, necklace  < torquere  to twist.
● ex “Pato collar negro” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 441 (syn. Callonetta leucophrys).
● ex “Guira-querea” of Ray 1713, “Tette-Chèvre du Brésil” of Brisson 1760, and “Gold-collared Goatsucker” of Latham 1783 (Hydropsalis).
● ex “Rasle à collier des Philippines” of Brisson 1760 (Hypotaenidia).
● ex “Martin-pescheur hupé du Méxique” of Brisson 1760 (Megaceryle).
● ex “Fourmilier de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 700, fig. 1 (Myrmornis).
● ex “Chouette à Collier” of Levaillant 1799, pl. 42 (syn. Pulsatrix perspicillata).
● ex “Maizi de Miacatototl” of Seba 1734, and de Buffon 1770-1783, “Manacus torquatus” of Brisson 1760, and “Collared Manakin” of Latham 1783 (unident.).

Scissor-tailed Nightjar (furcifer)
SCI Name: Hydropsalis torquata furcifer
furcifer / furcifera
L. furcifer  fork carrier  < furca  two-pronged fork  < ferre  to tend; -fera  -bearing  < ferre to carry.
● ex “Pica flores cola de tixera” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 299 (Heliomaster).
● ex “Ibiyau cola de tixera” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 309 (subsp. Hydropsalis torquata).