Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper / Lochmias nematura

Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper / Lochmias nematura

Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper

SCI Name:  Lochmias nematura
Protonym:  Myiothera nematura Verz.Doubl.Zool.Mus.Berlin p.43
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Furnariidae /
Taxonomy Code:  shtstr1
Type Locality:  Sao Paulo, Brazil.
Publish Year:  1823
IUCN Status:  


(Furnariidae; Ϯ Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper L. nematura) Gr. λοχμη lokhmē  thicket; πιαζω piazō  to seize (cf. λοχμαιος lokhmaios  thicket-dwelling); "Sub-family Tichodromina?  LOCHMIAS.    Rostrum mediocre, gracile, compressum, sub-arcuatum, integrum.  Alæ breves, rotundatæ; remige 1ma brevi; 3tia, 4ta, et 5ta sub-æqualibus, longissimis.  Cauda mediocris, lata, rotundata, debilis.  Pedes graciles; tarsis elevatis, squamis anterioribus infrequentibus, lateralibus obsoletis, posterioribus frequentibus, parvis; halluce digito medio breviore, ungue curvato.   Bill moderate, slender, compressed, slightly curved, entire.  Wings short, rounded; first quill short, the third, fourth, and fifth nearly equal and longest.  Tail graduated, soft.  Legs slender; tarsi elevated, anterior scales few, lateral scales obsolete, posterior scales numerous, small; hind toe shorter than the middle, the claw curved." (Swainson 1827); "Lochmias Swainson, Zool. Journ., 3, 1827, p. 355—generic characters only; species added, Swainson, Orn. Draw., pt. 3, 1836, pl. 33. Type, by subsequent designation, Lochmias squamulata Swainson = Myiothera nematura Lichtenstein (Swainson, loc. cit.)." (Peters 1951, VII, 152).
Var. Lochmia.
Synon. Hydrolegus, Picerthia.

Gr. νημα nēma, νηματος nēmatos  thread; -ουρος -ouros -tailed  < ουρα oura  tail.

(Pteroclidae; syn. Syrrhaptes Pallas's Sandgrouse S. paradoxus) Gr. νημα nēma, νηματος  nēmatos  thread; ουρα oura  tail; "La gelinotte hétéroclite, (tetrao paradoxa Pallasii) présentée comme genre nouveau sous le nom de Némature..  ...  Ceux-ci venoient des grandes steppes Gobi avec le nom de sadja.  Je fus tellement frappé par le port singulier de ces animaux, que j'étois tout de suite resolu d'en former un genre particulier, qui est très distant des autres, si même la gelinotte des sables (tetrao arenaria Pall.) étoit présentée comme passage de cette formation.   ...   Nemature.   Nematura. (**)   Rostrum breve, debile, conicum leviter curvatum, sulcatum, nares plumosae, nulla area nuda circa oculos.  Tarsus, fortis, plumosus, tridactylus; digitis ad ungues usque conjunctis.  Planta pedes latiuscula, triloba, papillis corneis imbricata.   ...   (**)  De το νημα, fil,  et ουρα, queue;  queue à fil, sa queue se terminant en deux fils tres longs." (Fischer von Waldheim 1812); "Nematura Fischer von Waldheim, 1812, Mémoires Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou, III, p. 272.  Type, by monotypy, Tetrao paradoxa Pallas, 1773." (JAJ 2021).


Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper (nelsoni)
SCI Name: Lochmias nematura nelsoni
• Dr Edward William Nelson (1855-1934) US zoologist, collector in US and Mexico, President of AOU 1908, and Chief of US Biological Survey 1916-1927 (subsp. Agelaius phoeniceus, Ammospiza, syn. Antrostomus badius, subsp. Campephilus guatemalensis, subsp. Campylorhynchus megalopterus, subsp. Catharus frantzii, syn. Colinus virginianus insignis, subsp. Cyanocorax sanblasianus, syn. Dryobates pubescens medianus, subsp. Eupherusa eximia, Geothlypis, subsp. Habia rubica, subsp. Icterus cucullatus, subsp. Lagopus mutum, syn. Lanius ludovicianus mexicanus, syn. Larus vegae x L. hyperboreus hybrid, subsp. Lochmias nematura, syn. Myiarchus tyrannulus cooperi, syn. Nyctidromus albicollis yucatanensis, subsp. Onychoprion anaethetus, syn. Phaethornis striigularis subrufescens, subsp. Polioptila caerulea, subsp. Quiscalus mexicanus, subsp. Sialia mexicana, subsp. Sitta carolinensis, subsp. Tunchiornis ochraceicepsVireo (ex Vireo nanus Nelson, 1898)).
• George Nelson (1876-1962) US botanist, zoologist, photographer, taxidermist at MCZ, Harvard College 1901-1946 (Martin Schneider in litt.) (subsp. Setophaga vitellina).

Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper (sororius)
SCI Name: Lochmias nematura sororius
sororia / sororius
L. sororius  of a sister, sisterly  < soror, sororis  sister (i.e. closely related).
● "Aimophila2 ruficeps sororia. LAGUNA SPARROW.  ... 2 I am at present unable to discover any characters sufficient to separate Peucæa from Aimophila, unless the former be restricted to P. æstivalis, P. botteri, and P. cassini. Aimophila ruficeps is connected with the type (A. ruficauda) by such intermediate species as A. mcleodi, which Mr. Brewster described as an Aimophila and Messrs. Salvin and Godman as a Peucæa (P. megarhyncha)" (Ridgway 1898) (subsp. Aimophila ruficeps).
● "♂ mari M. gutturalis, Scl. et Salv., simillimus  ... Peut-être la M. sororia est-elle encore plus proche de la M. spodionota, Scl. et Salv., de l'Équateur oriental, ou même identique" (von Berlepsch & Sztolcman 1894) (subsp. Epinecrophylla spodionota).
● "G. G. regulo dicta cui forma similis affinis" (von Berlepsch & Sztolcman 1901) (subsp. Grallaria guatimalensis).
● "Similar to H. f. aurigularis ... but males with throat paler yellow" (Zimmer 1947) (subsp. Hemithraupis flavicollis).
● "This is a northern representative of L. nematura of the wood-region of Brazil, and is closely allied to that species" (P. Sclater & Salvin 1873) (subsp. Lochmias nematura).
● "Much like M. m. melanolaema [= syn. Myrmoborus myotherinus] Scl. ... but averaging smaller" (Hellmayr 1910) (subsp. Myrmoborus myotherinus).
● "The Sphenocercus I should like to stand as S. sororius, from its close affinity to S. sieboldii" (Swinhoe 1866) (subsp. Treron sieboldii).
● "This form comes nearest to D. rostripallens [= syn. Xiphorhynchus guttatus guttatoides] Des Murs of Upper Amazonia" (von Berlepsch & Hartert 1902) (syn. Xiphorhynchus guttatus polystictus).

Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper (chimantae)
SCI Name: Lochmias nematura chimantae
Cerro Chimantá-tepui, Gran Sabana, Bolívar, Venezuela.

Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper (castanonotus)
SCI Name: Lochmias nematura castanonotus
castanonota / castanonotum / castanonotus
Gr. καστανον kastanon  chestnut; -νωτος -nōtos  -backed  < νωτον nōton  back.

Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper (obscuratus)
SCI Name: Lochmias nematura obscuratus
obscurata / obscuratus
L. obscuratus  dark, dusky  < obscurare  to darken  < obscurus  dark.

Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper (nematura)
SCI Name: Lochmias nematura nematura
Gr. νημα nēma, νηματος nēmatos  thread; -ουρος -ouros -tailed  < ουρα oura  tail.