Protonym: Mulleripicus fuliginosus Ann.Mag.Nat.Hist.(4), 20 p.534
Taxonomy: Piciformes / Picidae / Mulleripicus
Taxonomy Code: sousow1
Type Locality: Surigao, Mindanao, Philippine Islands.
Publish Year: 1877
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
(Picidae; Ϯ Great Slaty Woodpecker M. pulverulentus) Salomon Müller (1804-1864) German explorer, collector in the East Indies (cf. specific name Hemilophus muelleri Bonaparte, 1850 (= syn. M. pulverulentus)); L. picus woodpecker; "3. HEMILOPHUS, Sw. a. Mulleripicus, Bp. — 15. pulverulentus, Temm. (mackloti, Wagl. — mulleri, Bp.)" (Bonaparte 1854); "Hemilophus a Mulleripicus Bonaparte, Ateneo Italiano, 2, May, 1854, p. 122. (Consp. Vol. Zygodact., p. 7.) Type, by monotypy, Picus pulverulentus Temminck. ... Hemilophus Swainson, 1837, the oldest name for this genus is preoccupied by Hemilophus Audinet-Serville, 1835, Coleoptera." (Peters 1948, VI, 149). The student who delves into Prince Bonaparte’s passion for coining new names will find some fascinating material, but will be frustrated by the lack of explanation accompanying a large portion of them. Many of his contemporaries, and subsequent ornithologists of a less intuitive perception, were horrified and dismayed by his disregard for grammar and the classics. He was the darling of French ornithologists, who regarded him as “l’un des ornithologistes les plus célèbres de l’Europe”, but Cabanis raged about barbarisms which were neither Greek nor Latin, Coues dismissed his later work as worthless and pernicious, and Sharpe refused to recognise or use any of the Prince’s “nonsense- names” such as Mulleripicus, Graydidascalus, Kaupifalco and Reinwardtoena.
Synon. Alophonerpes, Alophus, Hemilophus, Lichtensteinipicus, Macropicus, Microstictus.
fuliginosa / fuliginosum / fuliginosus
Late L. fuliginosus sooty, covered with soot < L. fuligo, fuliginis soot.
● ex “Soui-manga carmelite” of Audebert & Vieillot 1802 (Chalcomitra).
● ex “Grimpar Enfumé” of Levaillant 1807, pl. 28 (Dendrocincla).
● ex “Sooty Petrel” of Latham 1785 (Nesofregetta).
● ex “Sooty or Brown Albatros” of Latham 1785 (syn. Phoebetria palpebrata).
● ex “Hirondelle de Mer à grande envergure” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Sooty Tern”, “Simple Tern, var. A” and “Dusky Tern” of Latham 1785 (syn. Onychoprion fuscatus).
● ex “Gobe-mouche brun de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 574, fig. 1, and “Brown Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (unident.; has been linked with Cnemotriccus fuscatus and with Contopus cinereus).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)