Spot-billed Pelican / Pelecanus philippensis

Spot-billed Pelican / Pelecanus philippensis

Spot-billed Pelican

SCI Name:  Pelecanus philippensis
Protonym:  Pelecanus philippensis Syst.Nat. 1 pt2 p.571
Category:  Pelecaniformes / Pelecanidae /
Taxonomy Code:  spbpel1
Type Locality:  Philippine Islands.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1789
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PELECANUS
(Pelecanidae; Ϯ Great White Pelican P. onocrotalus) Gr. πελεκαν pelekan, πελεκανος pelekanos  pelican; "66. PELECANUS.  Rostrum edentulum, rectum: apice adunco, unguiculato.  Nares lineares, obliteratæ.  Facies nudiuscula.  Pedes digitis omnibus quatuor simul palmatis." (Linnaeus 1758); "Pelecanus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, p. 132. Type, by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1840, List Gen. Birds, p. 80), Pelecanus onocrotalus Linnaeus." (Dorst & Mougin in Peters 1979, I, ed. 2, 188). Linnaeus's Pelecanus comprised five species (P. Onocrotalus, P. Aquilus, P. Carbo, P. Bassanus, P. Piscator).
Var. Pelicanus, Pilecanus, Pelecanis.
Synon. Alcatras, Catoptropelicanus, Cyrtopelicanus, Leptopelicanus, Metapelecanus, Neopelecanus, Onocrotalus, Sacrificator.
● (syn. Fregata Ϯ Ascension Frigatebird F. aquila) "197. PELICANUS.  Tail forked.  P. aquilus, or Frigatebird." (Fleming 1822).
● (syn. Platalea Ϯ Eurasian Spoonbill P. leucorodia) "60. LEPELAAR, PELIKAAN, in 't Latyn Pelecanus.  By den Heer LINNÆUS geplaatst onder de Eenden met den naam van Platea. Syst. Nat. geslacht 48" (Moehring 1758).

pelecanus
L. pelecanus  pelican  < Gr. πελεκαν pelekan, πελεκανος pelekanos  pelican.

philippense / philippensis
Philippine Is. (Felipina, an early name (1543) given to the island of Leyte in honour of the Infante Felipe (Philip) of Spain, later Philip II (1527–1598: reigned 1556–1598)).
● ex “Rubetra philippensis major” of Brisson 1760, “Grand traquet des Philippines” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 185, fig. 2, and de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Traquet de Manille” of Salerne 1767 (syn. Agropsar philippensis).
ex “Rasle rayé des Philippines” of Brisson 1760 (Hypotaenidia).
● ex “Petite Grive des Philippines” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Philippine Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Ixos philippinus).
● ex “Perruche des Philippines” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 520 (Loriculus).
● ex “Bucco philippensis” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Megalaima haemacephala).
● (Statius Müller 1776) ex “Merle solitaire des Philippines” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 339 (subsp. Monticola solitarius).
● (Boddaert 1783) ex “Merle solitaire des Philippines” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 339 (syn. Monticola solitarius philippensis).
● ex “Pélican des Philippines” of Brisson 1760, and “Philippine Pelican” of Latham 1785 (Pelecanus).
● ex “Merle des Philippines” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 89 (syn. Pitta sordida).
● Erroneous TL. Philippine Is. (= Cayenne); ex “Cancrophagus philippensis” of Brisson 1760, “Crabier des Philippines” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 898, “Petit Crabier” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Philippine Heron” of Latham 1785 (syn. Zebrilus undulatus).
● ex “Moucherolle des Philippines” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Philippine Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (unident.).