Varied Sittella / Daphoenositta chrysoptera

Varied Sittella / Daphoenositta chrysoptera

Varied Sittella

SCI Name:  Daphoenositta chrysoptera
Protonym:  Sitta chrysoptera Suppl.ind.orn. p.xxxii
Category:  Passeriformes / Neosittidae /
Taxonomy Code:  varsit8
Type Locality:  Sydney, New South Wales.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1801
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

DAPHOENOSITTA
(Neosittidae; Black Sittella D. miranda) Gr. δαφοινος daphoinos  reeking with blood  < δα- da-  very; φοινος phoinos  blood-red, bloody; genus Sitta Linnaeus, 1758, nuthatch; the Black Sittella was formerly known as the Pink-faced Nuthatch; "Daphœnositta, De Vis.  ...  Daphœnositta miranda, De Vis.  ...  Above and below black, the feathers broadly edged with lead-grey; wing and tail fuscous brown; the four rectrices largely tipped with pink, nearly half the outermost being of that colour; rump stained with crimson; forehead, chin, and some feathers of the orbital ring rich crimson  ...  Apart from the shortness and straightness of the bill, this bird is structurally a Sittella, and, were it not for its very erratic colouring, its bill would hardly prevent it finding a home in that genus. But on the ground that so wide a departure from the characteristic sobriety in colours of the Sittellas, and indeed of the Creepers generally, argues physical differences not apparent to the eye, it appears to me advisable to provide a separate genus for the present bird" (DeVis 1897); "Daphoenositta De Vis, 1897, Ibis: 380.  Type, by monotypy, Daphoenositta miranda De Vis." (Beehler and Pratt, 2016, Birds New Guinea, p. 379).
Var. Daphaenositta, Daphoenosina.
Synon. Neops, Neositta, Neosittella.

chrysoptera / chrysopterum
Gr. χρυσοπτερος khrusopteros  golden-winged  < χρυσος khrusos  gold; -πτερος -pteros  -winged  < πτερον pteron  wing.
● ex “Yellow-winged Creeper” of Latham 1787 (syn. Cinnyris asiaticus).
● ex "Orange-winged Nuthatch" of Latham 1801 (Daphoenositta).
● ex “Yellow-winged Bunting” of Portlock 1789 (syn. Melanodera melanodera).
● "114. MOTACILLA.  ...  chrysoptera.  20. M. fusca, subtus alba, pileo maculaque alarum luteis, gula nigra.  Motacilla alis aureis. Edw. av. - - t. 299.  Habitat in Pensylvania.  Pileus fulvus. Macula pone oculos gulaque nigra. Linea alba supra infraque oculos. Tectrices alarum luteæ, maculam magnam constituentes." (Linnaeus 1766) (Vermivora).

SUBSPECIES

Varied Sittella (White-winged)
SCI Name: Daphoenositta chrysoptera leucoptera
leucoptera
Gr. λευκοπτερος leukopteros  white-winged  < λευκος leukos  white; -πτερος -pteros  -winged  < πτερον pteron  wing.
● ex “Crabier de Malac” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 911, and “Crabier blanc et brun” of de Buffon 1770-1786 (syn. Ardeola speciosa).
● ex “Oie des îles Malouines” of de Buffon 1770-1783, “White-winged Antarctic Goose” of Brown 1776, and “Bustard Goose” of Latham 1785 (syn. Chloephaga picta).
● ex “Focha” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 447 (Fulica).
● ex “White-winged Crossbill” of Latham 1783 (Loxia).
● ex “White-winged Sandpiper” of Latham 1785 (‡Prosobonia).
● ex “Pico triqueño” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 123 (Sporophila).
● ex “Hirondelle à ventre blanc de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 546, fig. 2 (syn. Tachycineta albiventer).
● ex “Turtur indicus fuscus. Brown Indian Dove” of Edwards 1751, and “Columba subfusca media” of Browne 1756 (syn. Zenaida asiatica).

Varied Sittella (Striated)
SCI Name: Daphoenositta chrysoptera striata
striata
L. striatus  striated  < striare  to striate  < stria  furrow (see also striatus).
● ex “Blue-striped Roller” of Latham 1781 (Aplonis).
● “Tringa striata Linn., 1766, used in the former edition of the List, has been shown to refer to the Redshank and not to the Purple Sandpiper” (BOU 1915) (syn. Calidris maritima).
ex “Choucas de la Nouvelle Guinée” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 629, and “New-Guinea Crow” of Latham 1781 (Coracina).
● ex “Promérops de la nouvelle Guinée” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 638, and “Promérops brun à ventre rayé” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Epimachus fastuosus).
● ex “Transverse Striped Dove” or “Barred Dove” of Edwards 1751, and “Turtur Sinensis striatus” and “Turtur Indicus striatus” of Brisson 1760 (Geopelia).
● ex “Rasle rayé des Philippines” of Brisson 1760 (Lewinia).
● ex “Gros-bec de l’Île de Bourbon” of Brisson 1760 (Lonchura).
● (Statius Müller 1776) ex “Pic rayé de St. Domingue” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 281 (Melanerpes).
● (Boddaert 1783) ex “Picus dominicensis striatus” of Brisson 1760, and “Pic rayé de St. Domingue” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 281 (syn. Melanerpes striatus).
● (J. Gmelin 1788) ex “Picus dominicensis striatus” of Brisson 1760, “Pic rayé de St. Domingue” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 281, and “Rayed Woodpecker” of Latham 1782 (syn. Melanerpes striatus).
● ex “Onglet” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Furrow-clawed Tanager” of Latham 1783 (syn. Pipraeidea bonariensis).
● ex “Traquet à Queue Striée” of Levaillant 1806, pl. 188, fig. 1 (syn. Saxicoloides fulicatus).
● ex "Blackpoll Warbler" of Latham 1783 and Pennant 1785 (syn. Setophaga striata).
● ex “Striated Tern” of Latham 1785 (Sterna).
● ex “Totanus striatus” of Brisson 1760 (syn. Tringa totanus).
● ex “Striped-headed Finch” of Latham 1783, and “Striped Finch” of Pennant 1785 (syn. Zonotrichia albicollis).

Varied Sittella (White-headed)
SCI Name: Daphoenositta chrysoptera leucocephala
leucocephala / leucocephalos / leucocephalus
Gr. λευκοκεφαλος leukokephalos  white-headed  < λευκος leukos  white;
-κεφαλος -kephalos  -headed  < κεφαλη kephalē  head.
● "44. PSITTACUS.  ...  leucocephalus.  26. P. brachyurus viridis, remigibus cæruleis, fronte alba.  Psittacus leucocephalus. Aldr. ornith. l. 11. c. 8. Raj. av. 31.  Psittacus viridis, fronte alba, collo rubro. Frisch. av. 4. t. 46.  Psittacus viridis, capite albo. Edw. av. 166. t. 166.  Habitat in America.  Corpus magnitudine Cuculi, viride pennis margine nigris. Caput supra & ad latera cæruleum; fronte oculorumque regione alba. Gula tota rubra. Remiges nigræ latere exteriore denudato cæruleæ. Rectrices æquales, virides, basi rubræ, apice flavescentes; at 1. 1. latere exteriore cæruleo; 6. 6. unicolores. Abdomen postice ferrugineum." (Linnaeus 1758) (Amazona).
● ex “White-headed Shrike” of Latham 1781 (syn. Artamella viridis).
● ex "White-headed Curlew" of Latham 1785 (?syn. Bostrychia hagedash).
● ex “Gavilán de Estero cabeza blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 13 (subsp. Busarellus nigricollis).
● ex “Héron de la côte de Coromandel” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 906, “Héron violet” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Violet Heron” of Latham 1785 (syn. Ciconia episcopus).
● ex “Rauhfuss Geyer” and “Gelbbrauner Geyer” of Frisch 1733, “Falco” of Brisson 1760, and “White-headed Falcon” of Latham 1781 (syn. Falco peregrinus).
● ex “White-headed Frigate” of Latham 1785 (syn. Fregata aquila).
● ex “Bald Eagle” of Catesby 1731, and “Aigle à tête blanche” of Brisson 1760 (Haliaeetus).
● ex “Merle Dominiquain de la Chine” of Sonnerat 1782, and “White-headed Thrush” of Latham 1783 (Hypsipetes).
● ex “Gobe-mouche à ventre jaune de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 569, fig. 2 (syn. Myiozetetes cayanensis).
● ex “White Vulture” and “Cinereous Vulture” of Willughhby 1676, “Vultur albus” of Ray 1713, “Vultur leucocephalus” of Brisson 1760, “Vautour de Norwège” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 429, and “Petit Vautour” of de Buffon 1770-1783 (syn. Neophron percnopterus).
● ex “Bald pate” of Ray 1713, “Columba capite albo” of Sloane 1725, and “White-crown’d Pigeon” of Catesby 1731 (Patagioenas).
● ex “Martin-Pêcheur de Java” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 757, “Martin-pêcheur à tête et cou couleur de paille” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “White-headed Kingsfisher” of Latham 1782 (syn. Pelargopsis capensis javana).
● ex “White-headed Finch” of Latham 1787 (syn. Stagonopleura guttata).
● ex “Lindo azul cabeza blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 93 (syn. Stephanophorus diadematus).
● ex “Quatoztli” of Hernandez 1651, and Seba 1734-1745, and “Tangara brasiliensis leucocephala” of Brisson 1760 (unident.).

Varied Sittella (Orange-winged)
SCI Name: Daphoenositta chrysoptera chrysoptera
chrysoptera / chrysopterum
Gr. χρυσοπτερος khrusopteros  golden-winged  < χρυσος khrusos  gold; -πτερος -pteros  -winged  < πτερον pteron  wing.
● ex “Yellow-winged Creeper” of Latham 1787 (syn. Cinnyris asiaticus).
● ex "Orange-winged Nuthatch" of Latham 1801 (Daphoenositta).
● ex “Yellow-winged Bunting” of Portlock 1789 (syn. Melanodera melanodera).
● "114. MOTACILLA.  ...  chrysoptera.  20. M. fusca, subtus alba, pileo maculaque alarum luteis, gula nigra.  Motacilla alis aureis. Edw. av. - - t. 299.  Habitat in Pensylvania.  Pileus fulvus. Macula pone oculos gulaque nigra. Linea alba supra infraque oculos. Tectrices alarum luteæ, maculam magnam constituentes." (Linnaeus 1766) (Vermivora).

Varied Sittella (Black-capped)
SCI Name: Daphoenositta chrysoptera pileata
pileata / pileatum / pileatus
L. pileatus  capped  < pileus  felt-cap.
● ex “Petit Fouquet des Philippines” of Sonnerat 1782 (syn. Anous stolidus).
● ex “Pigeon verd à tête grise d’Antigue” of Sonnerat 1776 (syn. Chalcophaps indica).
● ex “Souï” or “Petit Tinamou de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 829 (syn. Crypturellus soui).
● ex “Gobe-mouche olive de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 574, fig. 2 (unident;?Empidonax sp., ?Myiobius sp.).
● ex “Martin- pêcheur de la Chine” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 673, “Martin-pêcheur à coïffe noir” of de Buffon 1770-1785, and “Black-capped Kingsfisher” of Latham 1782 (Halcyon).
● "54. PICUS.  ...  pileatus.  3. P. niger, capite cristato rubro, temporibus alisque albis maculis.  Picus niger maximus, capite rubro. Catesb. car. 2. p. 17. t. 17. Kalm. itin. 2. p. 271.  Ipecu. Marcgr. bras. 207.  Habitat in America.  Differt a P. cornicino, quod tempora alba; maculæ aliquot parvæ in alis albæ; caput magis late coccineum." (Linnaeus 1758) (Hylatomus).
● ex “Tangara à coëffe noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 720, fig. 2 (Nemosia).
● ex “Tangara à coëffe noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 720, fig. 2, “Coiffe noire” of de B uffon 1770-1783, and “Hooded Tanager” of Latham 1783 (syn. Nemosia pileata).
● ex “Black-hooded Wheat-ear” of Latham 1783 (Oenanthe).
● ex “Héron blanc huppé de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 907, and “Héron blanc” of de Buffon 1770-1786 (Pilherodius).
● ex “Perruche à tête noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 744, “Caïca” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Hooded Parrot” of Latham 1781 (syn. Pionopsitta caica).
● ex “Black-capped Shrike” of Latham 1787 (syn. Sakesphorus canadensis).
● ex “Pluvier du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, “Pluvier coiffé” of de Buffon 1770-1786, and “Hooded Plover” of Latham 1785 (syn. Sarciophorus tectus).
● ex “Perruche de l’isle de Luçon” of Sonnerat 1776 (syn. Tanygnathus lucionensis).
● ex “Bruant du cap de Bonne-Espérance” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 386, fig. 2, and “Bonjour-Commandeur” of de Buffon 1770-1785 (syn. Zonotrichia capensis).