Violet-capped Woodnymph / Thalurania glaucopis

Violet-capped Woodnymph / Thalurania glaucopis

Violet-capped Woodnymph

SCI Name:  Thalurania glaucopis
Protonym:  Trochilus glaucopis Syst.Nat. 1 pt1 p.497
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  vicwoo2
Type Locality:  Brazil.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1788
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

THALURANIA
(Trochilidae; Ϯ Fork-tailed Woodnymph T. furcata) Gr. θαλος thalos  child, scion (cf. θαλια thalia  happiness, abundance  < θαλλω thallō  to flourish); ουρανος ouranos  heaven (cf. ουρανιος ouranios  heavenly, sky-blue); "Genus THALURANIA.   Gen. char.— Rostrum capite longius, deorsum curvatum, et paululum apud basin depressum.  Alæ breves, debiles.  Cauda mediocris, furcata.  Tarsi plumis induti, parvis, mollibus.  Hallux cum ungue, digito intermedio cum ungue brevior.    ...   Types, Trochilus furcatus, nigro-fasciatus, Watertonii, &c.   THALURANIA VIRIDIPECTUS (n. sp.)." (Gould 1848); "Thalurania Gould, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pt. 16, 1848, p. 13. Type, by subsequent designation, Trochilus furcatus Gmelin. (G. R. Gray, Cat. Gen. Subgen. Bds., 1855, p. 21.)" (Peters 1945, V, 44).
Var. Thalucania, Thalucrania, Thaluronia, Tholucania.
Synon. Chlorostola, Chlorurania, Glaucopis.    

glaucopis
Gr. γλαυκος glaukos  blue-grey, glaucous; ωψ ōps, ωπος ōpos  face (cf. γλαυκωπις glaukōpis, γλαυκωπιδος glaukōpidos  with gleaming eyes; L. glaucopis, glaucopidis grey-eyed, an epithet of Minerva and the owl).
● ex “Marcgrave’s second Humming-bird” of Willughby 1676, “Guainumbi major” of Ray 1713, “Mellisuga brasiliensis cauda bifurca” of Brisson 1760, and “Blue-fronted Humming-bird” of Latham 1782 (Thalurania).

Glaucopis
• (Callaeidae; syn. Callaeas South Island Kokako C. cinereus) Gr. γλαυκος glaukos  blue-grey, glaucous; οψις opsis  appearance; "GLAUCOPIS.  Rostrum incurvatum, fornicatum, mandibula inferiore breviore subtus ad basin carunculata.  Nares depressae, membrana subcartilaginea semitectae.  Lingua subcartilaginea apice incisa et ciliata.  Pedes ambulatorii.    cinerea.  1. Glaucopis  Cinereous Wattle-bird. Latham Syn. I. i. p. 364. n. 1. t. 14" (J. Gmelin 1788); "Glaucopis Gmelin, Syst. Nat. vol. i. pt. i. p. 363, July 25th, 1788.  Type (by monotypy): Glaucopis cinerea Gmelin." (Mathews, 1930, Syst. Av. Austral., II, p. 899).
Var. Glaucopus, Glaucopsis.
• (Corvidae; syn. Platysmurus † Malay Black Magpie P. leucopterus)  "Le genre Glaucopis, selon ma manière de voir, doit comprendre quatre espèces distinctes, savoir:   Esp. 1.  GLAUCOPE A BARBILLONS, Glaucopis cinerea, Gmel.  ...  Callæas   ...   Esp. 2. GLAUCOPE A AILES BLANCHES, de nos pl. col. 265; c'est Glaucopis leucoptera   ...   Esp. 3. GLAUCOPE TEMNURE, de nos pl. col. 337; c'est Glaucopis temnura   ...   Esp. 4. GLAUCOPE TEMMIA, Glaucopis varians  ...  Temia" (Temminck, 1824); "Glaucopis Temminck, 1824, Nouveau recueil de planches coloriées d'oiseaux, livre 45 (vol. II), text to pl. 265 (not of Gmelin, 1788).  Type, by subsequent designation (G. Gray, 1840, List Genera Birds, p. 38), T. leucopterus, i.e. Glaucopis leucopterus Temminck, 1824." (JAJ 2021).
• (Trochilidae; syn. Thalurania Fork-tailed Woodnymph T. furcata) Based on specific name Trochilus glaucopis J. Gmelin, 1788, and “Glaucopes” of Lesson 1832.  Bonaparte appears to have confused Trochilus glaucopis Gm. and the genus Glaucis, both referred to by Boie 1831, Isis, col. 545;   "a. Florisugeæ.  ...  1570. Thalurania, Gould. (Glaucopis, Boie, nec Gm.)" (Bonaparte 1854) (nom. nud.).
Var. Glaucopsis.