White-browed Meadowlark / Leistes superciliaris

White-browed Meadowlark / Leistes superciliaris

White-browed Meadowlark

SCI Name:  Leistes superciliaris
Protonym:  Trupialis superciliaris Consp.Gen.Av. 1 p.430
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Icteridae /
Taxonomy Code:  whbbla2
Type Locality:  'Mexico'', error; Matto Grosso substituted by Berlepsch, 1908, Novit. Zool., 15, p. 123.
Publish Year:  1850
IUCN Status:  


(Icteridae; Ϯ Red-breasted Blackbird L. militaris) Gr. λῃστης lēistēs  robber  < λῃστευω lēisteuō  to rob (cf. λῃζομαι lēizomai  to plunder); "Sturnus prædatorius ... This notorious and celebrated corn-thief, the long reputed plunderer and pest of our honest and laborious farmers" (Wilson 1811); "I shall group these species together by the following characters under the generick name of LEÏSTES.  Rostrum crassum, rectum, basi altum, mandibulæ inferioris margine angulato; naribus rotundatis membrano partim tectis.  Alæ; remigibus 4tis extimis fere æqualibus longissimis.  Cauda æqualis, rectricum apice angulato, rhachibus plerumque prolongatis, nudis.  Pedes mediocres, tarsis gracilibus.   The following birds may be referred to this group, the Oriolus Americanus, Gmel. being taken as the type.    Oriolus phœniceus. Linn. Syst. Vol. I. p. 161. sp. 5.  Icterus pterophœniceus. Briss. Orn. Tom. I. p. 97. sp. 12.  Le Commandeur. Buff. Ois. Tom. III. p. 214.  La Troupiale à ailes rouges. Pl. Enl. 402.  Red winged Starling. Cat. Car. Vol. I. t. 13.  Alb. Vol. I. t. 38.  Sturnus prædatorius. Wils. Am. Orn. Vol. 4. p. 30. pl. 30. f. 1, 2.     Oriolus Americanus. Gmel. Syst. Vol. I. p. 386. sp. 29.  Troupiale de Cayenne. Pl. Enl. 236. f. 2.  Red breasted Oriole. Lath. Gen. Syn. Vol. II. p. 430. sp. 14. - Vol. III. p. 120. sp. 43. Ed. 2daFœm.     Oriolus Guianensis. Linn. Syst. Vol. I. p. 162. sp. 9.  Icterus Guianensis, Briss. Orn. Tom. II. p. 107. sp. 18. t. 11. f. 2.  Troupiale de la Guiane, Pl. Enl. 536." (Vigors 1825); "Leistes Vigors, 1825, Zool. Journ., 2, p. 191. Type, by original designation, Oriolus americanus Gmelin = Emberiza militaris Linnaeus." (Blake in Peters 1968, XIV, 175).
Synon. Hylike, Pedotribes.

superciliare / superciliaris
Mod. L. superciliaris  eye-browed  < L. supercilium  eyebrow.
● ex “Janfréderic” of Levaillant 1801-1804, pl. 111 (syn. Cossypha caffra).
● ex “Sourcirou” of Levaillant 1799 (syn. Cyclarhis gujanensis).
● ex “Ypacahá ceja blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 377 (syn. Hapalocrex flaviventer).
● ex “Hatí ceja blanca” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 415 (Sternula).
● ex “White-browed Tern” of Latham 1824 (syn. Sternula superciliaris).