Yellow-billed Parrot / Amazona collaria

Yellow-billed Parrot / Amazona collaria

Yellow-billed Parrot

SCI Name:  Amazona collaria
Protonym:  Psittacus collarius Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.102
Category:  Psittaciformes / Psittacidae /
Taxonomy Code:  yebpar1
Type Locality:  America = Jamaica, ex Sloane.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

AMAZONA
(Psittacidae; Ϯ Southern Mealy Amazon A. farinosa) French name “Amazone” given to various tropical American parrots by de Buffon 1770-1783, because they came from the Amazonian rainforests. The Amazon was probably first seen in 1500 by the Spanish commander Vicente Yáñez Pinzón, but real exploration of the river came with the voyage of Francisco de Orellana in 1540-1541. His florid tales of female warriors, perhaps based on a misunderstood Tupí word amassona ‘boat destroyer’, gave the river its name; "VII.e Sous-genre. AMAZONE; Amazona.  Bec robuste, très-crochu, épais; à arête rubanée ou formant une dépression aplatie, étroite, qui suit la courbure du bec, les côtés renflés, les bords festonnés; la mandibule inférieure échancrée en avant; narines arrondies, très-ouvertes dans la cire et à rebord saillant; ailes s'étendant jusqu'au tiers de la queue; les tarses très-courts, réticulés, robustes.   26. AMAZONE MEUNIER; Amazona pulverulenta: Psittacus pulverulentus, Gm.; Levaill., Perroq., pl. 92.  ...  plumage vert pruineux et à teint glauque   ...   27. AMAZONE A FRANGES; Amazona Levaillantii: Psittacus Levaillantii, Lath.; Psittacus infuscatus, Shaw.   ...   28. AMAZONE DUFRESNE; Amazona Dufresniana: Psittacus Dufresnianus, Shaw (?); Levaill., pl. 91.   ...   29. AMAZONE A TÊTE JAUNE; Amazona icterocephala: Psittacus ocrocephalus Gm.; Buff., Enl., 312 et 313; Levaill., Perroq., pl. 98." (Lesson 1830); "Amazona Lesson, Traité d'Orn., livr. 3, 1830, p. 189. Type, by subsequent designation, C. farinosa = Psittacus farinosus Boddaert (Salvadori, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 20, 1891, p. 268)." (Peters, 1937, III, p. 216).
Synon. Androglossa, Chrysotis, Oenochrus.

amazona
Mod. L. Amazonus Amazonian, of Amazonia.
● ex “Amazonian Kingsfisher” of Latham 1782 (Chloroceryle).

collaria
L. collarium  collar, neck-chain  < collum  neck.
● "44. PSITTACUS.  ...  collarius.  34. P. brachyurus viridis, collo rubente.  Psittacus minor, collo miniaceo. Sloan. jam. 2. p. 297. Raj. av. 181.  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Amazona).
● "96. LOXIA.  ...  Collaria.  22. L. flavescens, pectore collarique flavis, temporibus nigris.  Habitat in Indiis.  Rostrum nigrum. Pedes fusci. Frons calva. Genæ nigræ. Pectus & ferme Collare flava. Corpus viride flavescens, magnitudine Pari minimi." (Linnaeus 1758) (unident.; nom. dub.).