Protonym: Ornismya Anna Hist.Nat.Ois.-Mouches[Lesson] p.xxxi,205 pl.74
Taxonomy: Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae / Calypte
Taxonomy Code: annhum
Type Locality: California i.e. San Francisco.
Publish Year: 1829
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Trochilidae; Ϯ Costa's Hummingbird C. costae) Probably from Gr. καλυπτρη kaluptrē woman’s veil, head-dress (καλυπτω kaluptō to cover) with ref. to the glittering crown and elongated gorget of the male Costa’s Hummingbird. According to Coues 1882, Calypte is a proper name (cf. Gr. myth Calypso, island-dwelling daughter of Atlas who bore Ulysses two sons);"CALYPTE COSTÆ. Costa's Calypte. ... Here we have a very beautiful little bird, conspicuous not only for the rich brilliancy of its head and throat, but for the colouring of those parts being of an unusual hue - a glittering metallic-lilac, neither easy to describe nor to depict, and which can only be feebly represented even with the aid of silver and the finest copal colours ... CALYPTE ANNÆ. Anna's Calypte. ... CALYPTE HELENÆ. Helena's Calypte." (Gould 1856); "Calypte Gould, Monogr. Trochil., pt. 11, May, 1856, pl. [5, 6, 7] and text [= 3, pl. 134, 135, 136 of volume]. Type, by subsequent designation, Ornismya costae Bourcier. (Baird, Brewer and Ridgway, Hist. No. Am. Bds., Land Bds., 2, 1875, p. 453)." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 136).
Synon. Leucaria, Zephyritis.
● Anna Debelle Princesse d’Essling and Duchesse de Rivoli (1802-1887) Chief Lady-in-Waiting to the Empress Eugénie, and wife of French collector François Victor Masséna 3rd Prince d’Essling and 2nd Duc de Rivoli (1799-1863) (Calypte).
● Anna Prentice Dole née Cate (1842-1918) wife of Judge Sanford B. Dole, President of the Hawaiian Republic 1893-1898 (‡Ciridops).
● Françoise Anna Masséna d'Essling et de Rivoli (1824-1902) daughter of French collector François Victor Masséna 3rd Prince d’Essling and 2nd Duc de Rivoli (syn. Prosopeia tabuensis).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)