Blue-tailed Emerald / Chlorostilbon mellisugus

Blue-tailed Emerald / Chlorostilbon mellisugus

Blue-tailed Emerald

SCI Name:  Chlorostilbon mellisugus
Protonym:  Trochilus mellisugus Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.121
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  blteme1
Type Locality:  
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CHLOROSTILBON
(Trochilidae; Ϯ Glittering-bellied Emerald C. lucidus pucherani) Gr. χλωρος khlōros  green; στιλβων stilbōn, στιλβοντος stilbontos  shining, an epithet of the planet Mercury (cf. στιλβη stilbē  lamp); "[plate] CHLOROSTILBONA PRASINA.   ...   [text] CHLOROSTILBON PRASINUS. Brazilian Emerald.   ...   The male has the upper and under surface yellowish green, with a golden lustre on the crown of the head and the sides of the neck; wings purplish brown; tail black, glossed with steel-blue; throat brilliant grass-green" (Gould 1853); "Chlorostilbon Gould, Monogr. Trochil., pt. 5, May, 1853, pl. [14] and text [= 5, pl. 355 of volume]. Type, by monotypy, Chlorostilbon prasinus Gould, not of authors, = Trochilus pucherani Bourcier." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 36). 
Var. Chlorostilbona.     
Synon. Chloauges, Chlorestes, Chlorolampis, Chrysomirus, Colubris, Erasmia, Halia, Marsyas, Mellisuga, Merion, Panychlora, Prasitis, Riccordia, Sporadinus.

mellisugus
L. mel, mellis  honey  < Gr. μελι meli, μελιτος melitos  honey; sugere to suck.
● “60. TROCHILUS.  ...  T. rectricibus æqualibus cæruleis, corpore viride aureo, remigibus atro-cærulescentibus. Mus. Ad. Fr. 2. fHabitat in Indiis.” (Linnaeus 1758) (Chlorostilbon).

SUBSPECIES

Blue-tailed Emerald (caribaeus)
SCI Name: Chlorostilbon mellisugus caribaeus
caribaea / caribaearum / caribaeus / caribbaea / caribbaeus / caribbeus / caribboeus / caribeus / cariboea
Caribbean Sea (named after the Carib, an Amerindian people of the Lesser Antilles and northern South America).
● Antilles (= Guadeloupe); ex “Esmerillon Gry-Gry” of Dutertre 1667, and “Esmerillon des Antilles” of Brisson 1760 (subsp. Falco sparverius).
● Caribbean Is.; ex “Pigeon à queue annelée de la Jamaïque” of Brisson 1760 (Patagioenas).

Blue-tailed Emerald (duidae)
SCI Name: Chlorostilbon mellisugus duidae
duidae
Cerro Duida, Amazonas, Venezuela.

Blue-tailed Emerald (subfurcatus)
SCI Name: Chlorostilbon mellisugus subfurcatus
subfurcatus
L. sub  somewhat, slightly; Med. L. furcatus  forked  < L. furca  fork.

Blue-tailed Emerald (mellisugus)
SCI Name: Chlorostilbon mellisugus mellisugus
mellisugus
L. mel, mellis  honey  < Gr. μελι meli, μελιτος melitos  honey; sugere to suck.
● “60. TROCHILUS.  ...  T. rectricibus æqualibus cæruleis, corpore viride aureo, remigibus atro-cærulescentibus. Mus. Ad. Fr. 2. fHabitat in Indiis.” (Linnaeus 1758) (Chlorostilbon).

Blue-tailed Emerald (phoeopygus)
SCI Name: Chlorostilbon mellisugus phoeopygus
phoeopigus / phoeopygus
Gr. φαιος phaios dusky, dark; -πυγος -pugos -rumped < πυγη pugē rump.

Blue-tailed Emerald (peruanus)
SCI Name: Chlorostilbon mellisugus peruanus
peruana / peruanum / peruanus / peruvia / peruviana / peruvianus / peruviensis
Peru. Said to be named after Biru, a local Inca encountered by the conquistadores (although the name is also accredited to a Panamanian cazique). Until the early 18th century the Viceroyalty of Peru included all Spanish possessions in South America.
● ex “Geai du Pérou” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 625, and de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Peruvian Jay” of Latham 1781 (syn. Cyanocorax yncas).
● ex “Coq de Roche du Pérou” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 745, and de Buffon 1770-1783 (Rupicola).
● Erroneous TL. Peru (= Brazil) (Tangara).
Erroneous TL. Peru (= Tahiti) (Vini).