Red-billed Emerald / Chlorostilbon gibsoni

Red-billed Emerald / Chlorostilbon gibsoni

Red-billed Emerald

SCI Name:  Chlorostilbon gibsoni
Protonym:  Trochilus Gibsoni Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt8 no.86 p.17
Category:  Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae /
Taxonomy Code:  rebeme1
Type Locality:  No locality; Chicoral, upper Magdalena Valley, Colombia, designated by Chapman, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 36, 1917, p. 290.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1840
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CHLOROSTILBON
(Trochilidae; Ϯ Glittering-bellied Emerald C. lucidus pucherani) Gr. χλωρος khlōros  green; στιλβων stilbōn, στιλβοντος stilbontos  shining, an epithet of the planet Mercury (cf. στιλβη stilbē  lamp); "[plate] CHLOROSTILBONA PRASINA.   ...   [text] CHLOROSTILBON PRASINUS. Brazilian Emerald.   ...   The male has the upper and under surface yellowish green, with a golden lustre on the crown of the head and the sides of the neck; wings purplish brown; tail black, glossed with steel-blue; throat brilliant grass-green" (Gould 1853); "Chlorostilbon Gould, Monogr. Trochil., pt. 5, May, 1853, pl. [14] and text [= 5, pl. 355 of volume]. Type, by monotypy, Chlorostilbon prasinus Gould, not of authors, = Trochilus pucherani Bourcier." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 36). 
Var. Chlorostilbona.     
Synon. Chloauges, Chlorestes, Chlorolampis, Chrysomirus, Colubris, Erasmia, Halia, Marsyas, Mellisuga, Merion, Panychlora, Prasitis, Riccordia, Sporadinus.

gibsoni
● John Gibson (1815-1875) English horticulturalist, studied the Loddiges’ orchid nurseries, plant collector in India 1836-1837 (Chlorostilbon).
● John Douglas Gibson (1926-1984) Australian amateur ornithologist, bird-ringer, world authority on albatrosses (subsp. Diomedea antipodensis).

SUBSPECIES

Red-billed Emerald (gibsoni)
SCI Name: Chlorostilbon gibsoni gibsoni
gibsoni
● John Gibson (1815-1875) English horticulturalist, studied the Loddiges’ orchid nurseries, plant collector in India 1836-1837 (Chlorostilbon).
● John Douglas Gibson (1926-1984) Australian amateur ornithologist, bird-ringer, world authority on albatrosses (subsp. Diomedea antipodensis).

Red-billed Emerald (chrysogaster)
SCI Name: Chlorostilbon gibsoni chrysogaster
chrysogaster / chrysogastra
Gr. χρυσος khrusos  gold; γαστηρ gastēr, γαστρος gastros  belly.
● ex “Lindo azul y oro cabeza celeste” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 99 (syn. Euphonia cyanocephala).
● ex “Orange-bellied Parrot” of Latham 1787 (Neophema).
● ex “Merle à ventre orangé du Sénégal” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 358, “Oranvert” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Orange-bellied Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Spreo pulcher).

Red-billed Emerald (nitens)
SCI Name: Chlorostilbon gibsoni nitens
nitens
L. nitens, nitentis  shining, glittering  < nitere  to shine, to glitter.
● ex “Glossy Finch” of Latham 1783 (syn. Hypochera chalybeata).
● ex “Merle vert d’Angola” of Brisson 1760 (Lamprotornis).
● ex “Green Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783 (unident.).