Eared Grebe / Podiceps nigricollis

Eared Grebe / Podiceps nigricollis

Eared Grebe

SCI Name:  Podiceps nigricollis
Protonym:  Podiceps nigricollis Handb.Naturgesch.Vog.Deutschl. p.963
Category:  Podicipediformes / Podicipedidae /
Taxonomy Code:  eargre
Type Locality:  Germany.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1831
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PODICEPS
(Podicipedidae; Ϯ Great Crested Grebe P. cristatus) L. podex, podicis  vent, anus; pes, pedis  foot  < Gr. πους pous, ποδος podos  foot; the legs of the Great Crested Grebe are set back to the rear of the body, giving rise to a former name “Arsefoot” which may have influenced Latham's coinage; "GENUS LXXIX.  GREBE.  PODICEPS, (Colymbus, Lin.)" (Latham 1787); "Podiceps Latham, 1787, General Synop. Birds, Suppl., p. 294. Type, by subsequent designation (G. R. Gray, 1840, List Gen. Birds, p. 76) and under plenary powers of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1956, Opin. Decl. Rend., 13, p. 4, Colymbus cristatus Linnaeus." (Storer in Peters 1979, 1, 2nd. ed., 148).   
Var. PodicepesPodicipes, Pocicpes.   
Synon. Calipareus, Colymbus, Dytes, Lophaithyia, Otodytes, Pedetaithya, Podicephorus, Proctopus, Thiornis.

podiceps
L. podex, podicis  vent, anus; pes, pedis  foot  < Gr. πους pous, ποδος podos  foot.
● "*4.  Ard. podiceps, Bp. Mus. Paris. a Berniero 1834.  ex Madagascar." (Bonaparte 1855); probably alluding to the vaguely grebe-like plumage, slender bill and short tail of the Little Bittern (subsp. Ixobrychus minutus).
● "68. COLYMBUS.  ...  Podiceps.  4. C. pedibus lobatis, corpore fusco, rostro fascia sesqui altera.  Podiceps minor, rostro vario. Catesb. car. 1. p. 91. t. 91.  Habitat in America septentrionali." (Linnaeus 1758) (Podilymbus).

nigricollis
L. niger  black; Mod. L. -collis  -necked, -throated  < L. collum  neck.
● ex “Plastron noir” of Audebert & Vieillot 1801 (Anthracothorax).
● ex “Blacknecked Falcon” of Latham 1787 (Busarellus).
● ex “Coliou Rayé à Gorge Noire” of Levaillant 1808, pl. 259 (Colius).
● ex “Blacknecked Swan” of Latham 1785 (syn. Cygnus melancoryphus).
● ex “Black-necked Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Gracupica nigricollis).
● ex “Tangara olive à gorge noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 720, fig. 1, “Tangara à gorge noire” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Black-throated Tanager” of Latham 1783 (syn. Hemithraupis guira nigrigula).
● ex Ampelis carnifex von Spix, 1825 (Phoenicircus).
● ex “Coturnix madagascariensis” of Brisson 1760, “Caille de Madagascar” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 171, and “Blacknecked Quail” of Latham 1783 (Turnix).
● ex “Black-throated Manakin” of Latham 1783 (unident.).
● ex “Blacknecked Warbler” of Latham 1787 (unident.; ?Timaliidae).

SUBSPECIES

Eared Grebe (nigricollis)
SCI Name: Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis
nigricollis
L. niger  black; Mod. L. -collis  -necked, -throated  < L. collum  neck.
● ex “Plastron noir” of Audebert & Vieillot 1801 (Anthracothorax).
● ex “Blacknecked Falcon” of Latham 1787 (Busarellus).
● ex “Coliou Rayé à Gorge Noire” of Levaillant 1808, pl. 259 (Colius).
● ex “Blacknecked Swan” of Latham 1785 (syn. Cygnus melancoryphus).
● ex “Black-necked Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Gracupica nigricollis).
● ex “Tangara olive à gorge noire de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 720, fig. 1, “Tangara à gorge noire” of de Buffon 1770-1783, and “Black-throated Tanager” of Latham 1783 (syn. Hemithraupis guira nigrigula).
● ex Ampelis carnifex von Spix, 1825 (Phoenicircus).
● ex “Coturnix madagascariensis” of Brisson 1760, “Caille de Madagascar” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 171, and “Blacknecked Quail” of Latham 1783 (Turnix).
● ex “Black-throated Manakin” of Latham 1783 (unident.).
● ex “Blacknecked Warbler” of Latham 1787 (unident.; ?Timaliidae).

Eared Grebe (gurneyi)
SCI Name: Podiceps nigricollis gurneyi
gurneyi
John Henry Gurney, Sr. (1819-1890) English banker, MP, ornithologist specialising in raptors, founder member of BOU (syn. Accipiter brevipes, syn. Anaplectes rubricepsAquila, subsp. Aviceda subcristata, syn. Falco cherrug milvipesGeokichla, Hydrornis, Mimizuku, syn. Pernis ptilorhynchus ruficollis, syn. Podiceps nigricollisPromerops).

Eared Grebe (californicus)
SCI Name: Podiceps nigricollis californicus
californicum / californicus / californiensis
California.
● ?Erroneous TL. California (= Alta California, Mexico) (syn. Icterus cucullatus nelsoni).
● ex “California Bee-eater” of Ord 1815 (syn. Toxostoma redivivum).