Falcated Duck / Mareca falcata

Falcated Duck / Mareca falcata

Falcated Duck

SCI Name:  Mareca falcata
Protonym:  Anas falcata Bemerk.ReiseRuss.Reich p.167
Taxonomy:  Anseriformes / Anatidae /
Taxonomy Code:  falduc
Type Locality:  Lake Baykal.
Publish Year:  1775
IUCN Status:  


(Anatidae; Ϯ Eurasian Wigeon M. penelope) Brazilian Portuguese name Marréco (or Mareca according to Marcgrave 1648) for the smaller kinds of duck (cf. Roman myth. Marica, a river- or water-nymph); "MARECA.  WIGEON.   Generic CharacterRostrum breve, basi inerme, subcylindricum, sublineare, apice ungue parvo instructo; mandibulæ lateribus  dentato-subserratis.  Nares parvæ, basales, ovales. Cauda brevis, acuta, rectricibus plerumque quatuor-decim ornatis.  ...  PENELOPE Antiquorum.  THE Wigeons have the beak rather broader and less elevated at the base than the Teals: it is also shorter than in the last-mentioned: in other respects the two genera are similar, but the individuals comprised in the present are usually much larger than the Teals, which are amongst the smallest of the Anatidæ. Wigeons have a peculiar whistling note, unlike that of any other Duck. The name Penelope having been used, by Linné, for another genus, I have adopted the appellation given to some of the species by the illustrious Ray.   COMMON WIGEON. (Mareca fistularis.)  ...  BLACK-TAILED WIGEON. (Mareca melanura.)  ...  SPOTTED-BILLED WIGEON. (Mareca pæcilorhyncha.)  ...  AMERICAN WIGEON. (Mareca Americana.)  ...  ILATHERA WIGEON. (Mareca Bahamensis.)  ...  MARECA WIGEON. (Mareca Brasiliensis.)  ...  CAPE WIGEON. (Mareca Capensis.)  ...  BIMACULATED WIGEON? (Mareca? glocitans.)" (Stephens 1824); "Mareca Stephens, in Shaw, Gen. Zoöl., 12, pt. 2, 1824, p. 130. Type, by subsequent designation, Mareca fistularis Stephens = Anas penelope Linné. (Eyton, Monogr. Anat., 1838, p. 33.)" (Peters 1931, I, 167).
Var. Marica, Marcia.
Synon. AnatraChaulelasmus, Chauliodus, Eunetta, Ktinorhynchus, Penelops.

Brazilian Portuguese name Marréco (or Mareca according to Marcgrave 1648) for the smaller kinds of duck.
● ex “Mareca alia species” of Marcgrave 1648 (syn. Amazonetta brasiliensis).

L. falcatus  sickle-shaped  < falx, falcis  sickle.
• "—[Anas]— falcata L.  Sichelente  ...   Alarum remiges primores 10, ut earum tectrices griseae, secundariae 15.  Pennae axillares 5. griseae composita ala supra remiges primores porriguntur falcata inflexae.  Speculum viride-splendens, supra fascia alba donatum." (Georgi 1775) (pace Gruson 1972, “reference to the shape of the species’ claws”) (Mareca).
• "PACHYCEPHALA FALCATA Gould.  ...  Adult male.  ..   throat white, bounded below by a distinct crescent of black" (Gould 1843) (subsp. Pachycephala rufiventris).
• "70. PTILOCICHLA FALCATA, sp. n.  ...  dorso toto nigricanti-brunneo, plumis late medialiter fulvis, dorsi postici plumis longis, laxis, falcatis, dependentibus, brunneis vel nigricantibus late albo striatis" (Sharpe 1877) (see Ptilocichla) (Ptilocichla).