Gray-breasted Woodpecker / Melanerpes hypopolius

Gray-breasted Woodpecker / Melanerpes hypopolius

Gray-breasted Woodpecker

SCI Name:  Melanerpes hypopolius
Protonym:  Picus hypopolius Isis 22 col.514
Category:  Piciformes / Picidae /
Taxonomy Code:  grbwoo1
Type Locality:  Mexico; types from Tehuacan and Tecuapan, Puebla.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1829
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

MELANERPES
(Picidae; Ϯ Red-headed Woodpecker M. erythrocephalus) Gr. μελας melas, μελανος melanos  black; ἑρπης herpēs  creeper  < ἑρπω herpō  to crawl; "1. MELANERPES ERYTHROCEPHALUS. (Sw.)  Red-headed Woodpecker.   GENUS, Melanerpes*, SWAINS.   Sub-genus, (Typical form) SWAINS.   ...   This Woodpecker, so well known in the United States for the havoc it commits in the orchards, ranges in summer from the northern shores of Lake Huron to the Gulf of Mexico.   ...   *Th. μελας, niger, et ερπο, repo" (Swainson 1832); "Melanerpes Swainson, Fauna Bor.-Am., 2, 1831 (1832), p. 316. Type, by monotypy, Picus erythrocephalus Linné." (Peters 1948, VI, 157).
Var. Melanoherpes, Malanerpes.
Synon. Asyndesmus, Balanosphyra, Cactocraugus, Centurus, Chryserpes, Colombpicus, Leuconerpes, Leucopicus, Linneopicus, Melampicos, Meropicus, Phymatoblepharus, Trichopicus, Trichopipo, Tripsurus, Zebrapicus.

hypopolia / hypopolius
Gr. ὑπο hupo beneath; πολιος polios grey.