Ibisbill / Ibidorhyncha struthersii

Ibisbill / Ibidorhyncha struthersii

Ibisbill

SCI Name:  Ibidorhyncha struthersii
Protonym:  Ibidorhyncha Struthersii Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt1 no.14 p.174
Category:  Charadriiformes / Ibidorhynchidae /
Taxonomy Code:  ibisbi1
Type Locality:  Himalayas.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1832
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

IBIDORHYNCHA
(Ibidorhynchidae; Ϯ Ibisbill I. struthersii) Gr. ιβις ibis, ιβιδος ibidos  ibis; ῥυγχος rhunkhos  bill; "A very striking modification of form was conspicuous in the following bird, which, with the bill and plumage of some of the typical Wading Birds, exhibited the tridactyle conformation and general characters of the legs of some of the Charadriadæ. In the former particulars it approached to Ibis and Numenius; in the latter to Hæmatopus.  A knowledge only, it was observed, of its habits and internal construction, at present wanting, could determine with accuracy the exact affinities of the group, which was thus characterized:  IBIDORHYNCHA.  Rostrum gracile, elongatum, deorsum curvatum, Ibidis Numeniique rostris simile; naribus lateralibus, longitudinabilis, membrana per totam longitudinem clausis.  Corpus gracile, Grallatorum typicorum formam exhibens.  Alæ subelongatæ, subgradatæ; remigibus secundis et tertiis æqualibus longissimis, prima paulo breviori, cæteris gradatim decrescentibus.  Pedes mediocres, tridactyli, Hæmatopodum pedicus simillimi; digitis internis liberis, externis membrana usque ad pollicem primam connexis, omnibus marginatis; unguibus obtusis.  Cauda mediocris, æqualis.   IBIDORHYNCHA STRUTHERSII.  ...  This bird was named in honour of Dr. Struthers, a zealous naturalist, who had formed the collection in the Himalayan Mountains, out of which the four preceding species were selected." (Vigors 1832); "Ibidorhyncha Vigors, Proc. Comm. Zool. Soc. London, 1830-1831 (1832), p. 174. Type, by monotypy, Ibidorhyncha struthersii Vigors." (Peters 1934, II, 288).   
Var. Ibidorhynchus.   
Synon. Clorhynchus, Falcirostra.

struthersii
Dr John Struthers (fl. 1855) Scottish physician, collector (Ibidorhyncha).