Vermilion Tanager / Calochaetes coccineus

Vermilion Tanager / Calochaetes coccineus

Vermilion Tanager

SCI Name:  Calochaetes coccineus
Protonym:  Euchaetes coccineus Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt26 no.351 p.73 pl.132 fig.1
Taxonomy:  Passeriformes / Thraupidae /
Taxonomy Code:  vertan1
Type Locality:  Rio Napo, Ecuador.
Publish Year:  1858
IUCN Status:  


(Thraupidae; Ϯ Vermilion Tanager C. coccineus) Gr. καλος kalos beautiful; χαιτη khaitē  hair (cf. genus Euchaetes P. Sclater, 1858, tanager); "The generic term "Euchætes," adopted by me for a Tanager (Euchætes coccineus), P. Z. S. 1858, p.73, from J. Verreaux's MS, has, I find, been previously used in entomology by Dejean (Cat. Coléopt. ed. 2, 1834) and by Harris (Cat. Insects Massachusetts, 1841).  I therefore propose to change it to Calochætes. There is only one known species of this genus, C. coccineus, from Ecuador" (P. Sclater 1879); "Calochaetes Sclater, Ibis, (4), 3, p. 388, 1879—new name for Euchaetes Sclater, preoccupied." (Hellmayr, 1936, Cat. Birds Americas, Pt. IX, p. 270).    
Var. Callochaetes.
Synon. Euchaetes.

coccineum / coccineus
L. coccineus  scarlet-coloured  < coccum  scarlet dye  < Gr. κοκκος kokkos  scarlet berry.
● ex “Grimpereau à dos rouge de la Chine” of Sonnerat 1782 (syn. Dicaeum cruentatum).
● ex “Scarlet Finch” of Latham 1783 (Loxops).
● ex “Perruche Phigi” of Levaillant 1801-1805 (syn. Phigys solitarius).
● ex “Cardinal” of Brisson 1760, and “Tangara du Méxique”or “Cardinal”of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 127, fig. 1 (syn. Ramphocelus bresilius).