Japanese Sparrowhawk / Accipiter gularis

Japanese Sparrowhawk / Accipiter gularis

Japanese Sparrowhawk

SCI Name:  Accipiter gularis
Protonym:  Astur (Nisus) gularis FaunaJap.Aves[Siebold] p.5 pl.2
Category:  Accipitriformes / Accipitridae /
Taxonomy Code:  japspa1
Type Locality:  Japan.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1844
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

ACCIPITER
(Accipitridae; Ϯ Eurasian Sparrowhawk A. nisus) L. accipiter, accipitris  hawk  < accipere  to grasp (the original meaning was “to understand” rather than “to seize”) (cf. Med. L. accipiter  Sparrowhawk; ancipiter  Goshawk; "another possible origin is from the Greek aci for 'swift' and pertrum [?πτερον] for 'wing'." (Clark & Davies 2018)); "Accipiter. Genus 8.  ...  Les femelles des Oiseaux de ce genre sont plus grandes que leurs mâles. Elles sont aussi mieux faites, plus fortes & plus courageuses. Pour cette raison on appelle les mâles Tiercelets; parce qu'ils sont d'environ un tiers plus petits que leurs femelles.  ...  **1. L'EPERVIER.  ...  ACCIPITER." (Brisson 1760): based on "Accipiter minor" of Gessner 1555, "Accipiter fringillarius" of Gessner 1555, Schwenckfeld 1603, Jonston 1650-1653, and Charleton 1668, "Nisus" of Willughby 1676, and Sibbald 1684, and numerous other references; "Accipiter Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 28, 310. Type, by tautonymy, Accipiter Brisson = Falco nisus Linné." (Peters, 1931, I, 205). 
Synon. Aerospiza, Aesalon, Asterias, Astur, Chirospizias, Cooperastur, Daedalion, Dinospizias, Erythrospiza, Eunisus, Eusparvius, Hieraspiza, Ierax, Leptohierax, Leucospiza, Lophospiza, Neonisus, Nisastur, Nisuoides, Nisus, Paraspizias, Phabotypus, Scelospiza, Sparvius, Spilospiza, Tachyspiza, Teraspiza, Urospiza.

gulare / gularis
Mod. L. gularis  of the throat, -throated, gular  < L. gula  throat.
● ex “Coucou Vulgaire d’Afrique” of Levaillant 1806, pl. 200 (Cuculus).
● ex “Gobe-mouche à gorge blanche” of Quoy & Gaimard 1830 (syn. Eopsaltria griseogularis).
ex “Petit Rolle Violet à Gorge Bleue” of Levaillant 1806 (Eurystomus).
● ex “Cardinal d’Amérique” of Brisson 1760 (Paroaria).
● ex “Colombi-Caille” of Levaillant 1810, pl. 283, and Columba hottentotta Temminck, 1813 (artefact).

SUBSPECIES

Japanese Sparrowhawk (sibiricus)
SCI Name: Accipiter gularis sibiricus
sibirica / sibiricum / sibiricus
Mod. L. Sibiricus  Siberian  < Sibiria  Siberia, northern Asiatic Russia  < Sibir, a former Tartar khanate of western Siberia, west of the Yenisey.
● ex “Dun Fly-catcher” of Latham 1783, and Pennant 1785 (Muscicapa).
● ex “Siberian Titmouse” of Latham 1783 (syn. Poecile cinctus).

Japanese Sparrowhawk (gularis)
SCI Name: Accipiter gularis gularis
gulare / gularis
Mod. L. gularis  of the throat, -throated, gular  < L. gula  throat.
● ex “Coucou Vulgaire d’Afrique” of Levaillant 1806, pl. 200 (Cuculus).
● ex “Gobe-mouche à gorge blanche” of Quoy & Gaimard 1830 (syn. Eopsaltria griseogularis).
ex “Petit Rolle Violet à Gorge Bleue” of Levaillant 1806 (Eurystomus).
● ex “Cardinal d’Amérique” of Brisson 1760 (Paroaria).
● ex “Colombi-Caille” of Levaillant 1810, pl. 283, and Columba hottentotta Temminck, 1813 (artefact).

Japanese Sparrowhawk (iwasakii)
SCI Name: Accipiter gularis iwasakii
iwasakii
Takuji Iwasaki (1869-1937) Japanese meteorologist, biologist, collector (Laurent Raty in litt.) (subsp. Accipiter gularis).