Kentish Plover / Charadrius alexandrinus

Kentish Plover / Charadrius alexandrinus

Kentish Plover

SCI Name:  Charadrius alexandrinus
Protonym:  Charadrius alexandrinus Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.150
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  kenplo1
Type Locality:  Egypt, ex Hasselquist.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CHARADRIUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Ringed Plover C. hiaticula) Late L. charadrius yellowish bird mentioned in the Vulgate Bible (late 4th century) < Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  unknown plain-coloured nocturnal bird that dwelt in ravines and river valleys  < χαραδρα kharadra  ravine. According to some authors the sight of it was said to cure jaundice. Early identifications included the Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus; "79. CHARADRIUS.  Rostrum teretiusculum, obtusum.  Pedes tridactyli." (Linnaeus 1758); "Charadrius Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 150. Type, by tautonymy, Charadrius hiaticula Linné. (Charadrios s. Hiaticula Aldrovandus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters, 1934, II, p. 245). Linnaeus's Charadrius comprised eleven species (C. cristatus, C. Hiaticula, C. alexandrinus, C. vociferus, C. ægyptius, C. Morinellus, C. apricarius, C. Pluvialis, C. Oedicnemus, C. Himantopus, C. spinosus).   
Var. Charadrias, Charadias.   
Synon. Aegialeus, Aegialitis, Aegialophilus, Afraegialis, Afroxyechus, Cirrepidesmus, Eupoda, Eupodella, Helenaegialus, Hiaticula, Hyetoceryx, Leucopolius, Neocharadrius, Nesoceryx, Ochthodromus, Oxyechus, Pagoa, Pagolla, Paroxyechus, Pernettyva, Pipus, Pluviorhynchus, Podasocys, Zonibyx.

alexandrinus
L. Alexandrinus  of Alexandria, Egypt (named after Alexander the Great King of Macedonia).
● “79. CHARADRIUS.  ...  alexandrinus.  3. C. fuscus, fronte collarique dorsali abdomineque albis, rectricibus lateralibus utrinque candidis, pedibus nigris.  Charadrius alexandrinus. Hasselq. iter. 255. n. 30.  Habitat ad Ægypti ex Nilo canalem.” (Linnaeus 1758) (Charadrius).

Alexandrinus
(Psittacidae; syn. Psittacula † Rose-ringed Parakeet P. krameri) Alexander the Great (356-323 BC) King of Macedonia, whose conquering armies brought parrots into Europe; "Alexandrinus Braun, gen. nov., maskulin (Alexandrinus krameri, A. echo, A. eques, A. exsul), Typusart: Psittacula krameri Scopoli, 1769.  Der Name leitet sich von Alexander dem Großen ab, der die ersten Papageien nach Europa brachte." (Braun et al. 2016); "Alexandrinus Braun in Braun, Bahr and Wink, 2016, Vogelwarte, 54 (4), p. 324.  Type, by original designation, Psittacus krameri Scopoli." (JAJ 2020).

SUBSPECIES

Kentish Plover (Kentish)
SCI Name: Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus/nihonensis
CHARADRIUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Ringed Plover C. hiaticula) Late L. charadrius yellowish bird mentioned in the Vulgate Bible (late 4th century) < Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  unknown plain-coloured nocturnal bird that dwelt in ravines and river valleys  < χαραδρα kharadra  ravine. According to some authors the sight of it was said to cure jaundice. Early identifications included the Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus; "79. CHARADRIUS.  Rostrum teretiusculum, obtusum.  Pedes tridactyli." (Linnaeus 1758); "Charadrius Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 150. Type, by tautonymy, Charadrius hiaticula Linné. (Charadrios s. Hiaticula Aldrovandus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters, 1934, II, p. 245). Linnaeus's Charadrius comprised eleven species (C. cristatus, C. Hiaticula, C. alexandrinus, C. vociferus, C. ægyptius, C. Morinellus, C. apricarius, C. Pluvialis, C. Oedicnemus, C. Himantopus, C. spinosus).   
Var. Charadrias, Charadias.   
Synon. Aegialeus, Aegialitis, Aegialophilus, Afraegialis, Afroxyechus, Cirrepidesmus, Eupoda, Eupodella, Helenaegialus, Hiaticula, Hyetoceryx, Leucopolius, Neocharadrius, Nesoceryx, Ochthodromus, Oxyechus, Pagoa, Pagolla, Paroxyechus, Pernettyva, Pipus, Pluviorhynchus, Podasocys, Zonibyx.

Kentish Plover (Indian)
SCI Name: Charadrius alexandrinus seebohmi
seebohmi
Henry Seebohm (1832-1895) British businessman, ornithologist, oologist, traveller (subsp. Alaudala rufescens, Amphilais, syn. Anthus gustaviAtlapetes, subsp. Charadrius alexandrinus, syn. Chloris sinica kittlitzi, syn. Himantopus leucocephalus, Horornis, syn. Lanius borealis sibiricusLocustellaOenanthe, syn. Phylloscopus plumbeitarsus, subsp. Picoides kizuki, syn. Poecile palustris hensoni, subsp. Rhinoptilus cinctus, subsp. Turdus poliocephalus).

Kentish Plover (White-faced)
SCI Name: Charadrius alexandrinus dealbatus
dealbatus
L. dealbatus whitewashed, plastered < dealbare to whitewash.