Lewin’s Rail / Lewinia pectoralis

Lewin\'s Rail / Lewinia pectoralis

Lewin's Rail

SCI Name:  Lewinia pectoralis
Protonym:  Rallus pectoralis Pl.Col. livr.88 textpl.523
Category:  Gruiformes / Rallidae /
Taxonomy Code:  lewrai1
Type Locality:  Oceania = New South Wales, apud Mathews.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1831
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

LEWINIA
(Rallidae; Ϯ Lewin's Rail L. pectoralis) Specific name Rallus lewinii Swainson, 1837 (= syn. Lewinia pectoralis); "Ralleæ  ...  2012. Hypotænidia, Reich.  -  a. Hypotænidia, Reich.  -  b. Euryzona, Reich.   c. Lewinia, Reich.  -  *d. Laterallus, Bp." (Bonaparte 1854); "109. Lewinia, Reich.   324. pectoralis, Cuv. nec Gould. (R. lewini, Sw.)   325. brachypus, Sw.   326. albiventer, Sw." (Bonaparte 1856).
Synon. Donacias, Hyporallus.

pectorale / pectoralis
L. pectoralis  of the breast, pectoral  < pectus, pectoris  breast.
● ex “Engoulevent à collier” of Levaillant 1806 (Caprimulgus).
● ex “Janfréderic” of Levaillant 1801-1804, pl. 111 (syn. Cossypha caffra).
● ex “Austral Quail” of Latham 1823 (Coturnix).
● ex “Gold-breasted Manakin” of Latham 1801 (Euphonia).
● ex “Petit Merle brun à gorge rousse de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 644, fig. 2, and “Yellow-breasted Thrush” of Latham 1785 (syn. Gymnopithys rufigula).
● ex “Red-breasted Snipe” of Montagu 1813 (syn. Limnodromus griseus).
● ex “Black-breasted Flycatcher” of Latham 1787 (Pachycephala).
● ex “Mbatuitui pecho listado” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 389 (syn. Pluvialis dominica).
● ex “Tachurí pecho amarillo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 165 (Polystictus).
● ex “Black-breasted Grosbeak” of Latham 1783 (syn. Sporophila americana).
● ex “Cordon Noir” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 150 (artefact).
● ex “Hausse-Col Noir” of Levaillant 1802, pl. 110 (artefact).

SUBSPECIES

Lewin's Rail (exsul)
SCI Name: Lewinia pectoralis exsul
exsul
L. exsul  exile  < ex  out of; solum  country, land (i.e. remote, isolated, insular).

Lewin's Rail (mayri)
SCI Name: Lewinia pectoralis mayri
mayri
Dr Ernst Walter Mayr (1904-2005) German evolutionary biologist, ornithologist, systematist (syn. Aerodramus hirundinaceus, subsp. Amblyornis macgregoriae, subsp. Athene brama, syn. Burhinus oedicnemus indicus, subsp. Cecropis daurica, subsp. Cincloramphus macrurus, syn. Cinclosoma castanotum, subsp. Culicicapa helianthea, subsp. Ficedula westermanni, subsp. Lewinia pectoralis, subsp. Lonchura spectabilis, subsp. Megalaima virens, syn. Mixornis gularis rubicapilla, subsp. Mulleripicus funebris, syn. Phonygammus keraudrenii purpureoviolaceus, syn. Pogoniulus chrysoconus, Ptiloprora, subsp. Ptilorrhoa leucosticta, Rallicula, syn. Rhinortha chlorophaea, subsp. Roraimia adusta, subsp. Sarcophanops steerii, subsp. Tregellasia leucops, subsp. Trugon terrestris, subsp. Turnix maculosus, subsp. Zapornia pusilla).

Lewin's Rail (capta)
SCI Name: Lewinia pectoralis capta
capta
L. capta female captive  < capere  to seize.

Lewin's Rail (insulsa)
SCI Name: Lewinia pectoralis insulsa
insulsa / insulsus
L. insulsus  insipid, silly, tasteless  < in-  not; salsus  salty, salted, sharp  < salire  to salt  < sal, salis  salt.

Lewin's Rail (alberti)
SCI Name: Lewinia pectoralis alberti
alberti
● Capt. Samuel Albert White (1870-1954) Australian Army, explorer, collector, ornithologist (Laurent Raty in litt.) (subsp. Acanthiza lineata). 
● Revd. Fr. Albert Nagnzaun (1777-1856) Benedictine Abbot of St. Peter's Monastery, Salzburg 1818-1856, theologian, naturalist (Jan van der Brugge in litt.) (syn. Anas platyrhynchos).
● Albert Stewart Meek (1871-1943) English explorer, collector in New Guinea, the Solomons and Australia (subsp. Eudynamys orientalis, subsp. Lewinia pectoralis, syn. Pachycephala simplex sudestensis, subsp. Todiramphus chloris, syn. Zosterops rendovae).
● Franz August Karl Albrecht Emanuel Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Saxony (1819-1861), commonly known as Prince Albert, Consort to Queen Victoria (Crax, subsp. Lophorina magnificaMenura).
● Albert I Leopold Clemens Maria Meinrad King of the Belgians (1875-1934; reigned 1909-1934) (Prionops).
● Friedrich August Albrecht Anton Ferdinand King of Saxony (1828-1902; reigned 1873-1902) (Pteridophora).

Lewin's Rail (clelandi)
SCI Name: Lewinia pectoralis clelandi
clelandi
Prof. Sir John Burton Cleland (1878-1971) Australian pathologist, mycologist, ornithologist (subsp. Acanthiza lineata, syn. Acanthiza nana, subsp. Anthochaera carunculata, syn. Chlamydera maculata, syn. Cincloramphus cruralis, syn. Emblema pictum, syn. Gavicalis versicolor, subsp. Geopelia placida, ‡subsp. Lewinia pectoralis, syn. Manorina flavigula obscura, syn. Ninox novaeseelandiae leucopsis, syn. Oreoica gutturalis).

Lewin's Rail (pectoralis)
SCI Name: Lewinia pectoralis pectoralis
pectorale / pectoralis
L. pectoralis  of the breast, pectoral  < pectus, pectoris  breast.
● ex “Engoulevent à collier” of Levaillant 1806 (Caprimulgus).
● ex “Janfréderic” of Levaillant 1801-1804, pl. 111 (syn. Cossypha caffra).
● ex “Austral Quail” of Latham 1823 (Coturnix).
● ex “Gold-breasted Manakin” of Latham 1801 (Euphonia).
● ex “Petit Merle brun à gorge rousse de Cayenne” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 644, fig. 2, and “Yellow-breasted Thrush” of Latham 1785 (syn. Gymnopithys rufigula).
● ex “Red-breasted Snipe” of Montagu 1813 (syn. Limnodromus griseus).
● ex “Black-breasted Flycatcher” of Latham 1787 (Pachycephala).
● ex “Mbatuitui pecho listado” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 389 (syn. Pluvialis dominica).
● ex “Tachurí pecho amarillo” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 165 (Polystictus).
● ex “Black-breasted Grosbeak” of Latham 1783 (syn. Sporophila americana).
● ex “Cordon Noir” of Levaillant 1805, pl. 150 (artefact).
● ex “Hausse-Col Noir” of Levaillant 1802, pl. 110 (artefact).

Lewin's Rail (brachipus)
SCI Name: Lewinia pectoralis brachipus
brachipus
Gr. βραχυς brakhus  short; πους pous, ποδος podos  foot.