Pacific Koel / Eudynamys orientalis

Pacific Koel / Eudynamys orientalis

Pacific Koel

SCI Name:  Eudynamys orientalis
Protonym:  Cuculus orientalis Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.168
Category:  Cuculiformes / Cuculidae /
Taxonomy Code:  asikoe3
Type Locality:  East Indies = Amboina.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

EUDYNAMYS
(Cuculidae; Ϯ Eastern Koel E. orientalis) Gr. ευ eu  fine; δυναμις dunamis  power, strength (cf. ευδυναμος eudunamos  mighty); "Genus. EUDYNAMYS Ϯ.   Rostrum crassum, subelongatum, culmine rotundato, a basi arcuato, lateribus subcompressis; mandibula superiore apice subemarginata, inferiore gonyde ascendente conspicua; naribus subgrandibus, patulis, ovalibus, suboblique positis, supra membrana partim tectis.  Alæ subbreves, rotundatæ; remigibus tertia quarta et quinta fere æqualibus longissimis, prima brevi undecimæ æquali; pogoniis integris.  Pedes robusti, nudi; acrotarsiis ad latus externum compressissimis, in scuta quatuor grandia divisis; paratarsiis in medio compressis, in scutula plurima divisis.  Cauda elongata, patula, rotundata.   The true Cuckoos, or that portion of the present family of Cuculidæ which constitutes the genus Cuculus, Auct., is distinguished from the remaining groups of the family by the comparative weakness of the bill  ... and the feebleness of the legs and toes  ... The group which we have just characterized deviates from these characters, which may be considered typical in the family, by the greater strength of all these members. The bill is powerful, the under mandible more particularly, which is marked by a strongly ascending gonys.  ... The tarsi and feet are particularly strong: the former are much compressed on the external side, exhibiting by this conformation a nearly flattened surface in front. The wings also are much rounded, and comparatively shorter than in the typical Cuckoos.  ...   The species of this genus seem very widely distributed over the East. The Cuculus punctatus, Linn., the Coucou tacheté des Indes Orientales (Pl. Enlum. 771.), appears to be referable  to this group.   1. ORIENTALIS.  Eud. metallice niger, rostro flavescente.  Cuculus orientalis. Linn. i. 168. no. 2.  Coucou des Indes Orientales. Pl. Enl. 274. f. 1.  Eastern black Cuckoo. Lath. Gen. Hist. iii. p. 282. no. 26.  ...  Cuculus Mindanensis. Linn. i. 169. no. 3.  Coucou tacheté de Mindanao. Pl. Enl. 277.  Mindanao Cuckoo. Lath. Gen. Hist. iii. p. 283. no. 27.   ...  The native name of the male is Cowhat'; of the female, Belinging.   2. FLINDERSII. Lath. MSS.   ...   Ϯ Eυ bene, and δυναμις potentia." (Vigors & Horsfield 1827); "Eudynamys Vigors and Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 15, pt. 1, 1826, p. 303. Type, by subsequent designation, Cuculus orientalis Linné. (Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 57.)" (Peters, 1940, IV, p. 36).  
Var. Eudinamys, Eudynamis, Endynamys.

orientale / orientalis
L. orientalis  eastern, oriental  < oriens, orientis  east.
Asia; ex “Anser moschoviticus” of Albin 1731-1738, and “Anser chinensis” of Linnaeus 1747 (syn. Anser cygnoides).
● India; ex Ardea antigone Linnaeus, 1758, “Grus orientalis” of Brisson 1760, and “Indian Crane” of Latham 1785 (syn. Antigone antigone).
 East Indies (= Seram and New Guinea); ex “Casoar des Indes orientales” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 313 (syn. Casuarius casuarius).
● India; ex “Eastern Parrot” of Latham 1781 (?syn. Eclectus roratus).
● East Indies (= Amboina); ex “Coucou noir des Indes” (= ♂) and “Coucou tacheté des Indes” (=♀) of Brisson 1760 (subsp. Eudynamys scolopaceus).
● East Indies (=Java); ex “Rollier des Indes” of Brisson 1760 (Eurystomus).
● East Indies; ex “Merula indica” of Brisson 1760, “Merle des Indes Orientales” of d’Aubenton 1765-1781, pl. 273, fig. 2, and “Ash-rumped Thrush” of Latham 1783 (syn. Lalage nigra).
● India; ex “Indian Bee-eater” and “Coromandel Bee-eater” of Latham 1782-1787 (Merops).
● Asia; ex “Onocrotalus” or “Pelecanus” of previous authors (syn. Pelecanus onocrotalus).
● "91. TETRAO.  ...  orientalis.  12. T. pedibus antice pilosis: abdomine gulaque atra, collari ferrugineo, cauda cuneiformi.  Tetrao orientalis. Hasselq. it. 278. n. 43.  Perdix damascena. Will. orn. 128.  Francolin. Tournef. it. I. p. 158. t. 158.  Habitat in Oriente." (Linnaeus 1758) (Pterocles).
● China; ex “Tourterelle brune de la Chine” of Sonnerat 1782, and “Chinese Turtle” of Latham 1783 (Streptopelia).
● China; ex “China Owl” of Latham 1801 (syn. Strix seloputo).

SUBSPECIES

Pacific Koel (Oriental)
SCI Name: Eudynamys orientalis [orientalis Group]
EUDYNAMYS
(Cuculidae; Ϯ Eastern Koel E. orientalis) Gr. ευ eu  fine; δυναμις dunamis  power, strength (cf. ευδυναμος eudunamos  mighty); "Genus. EUDYNAMYS Ϯ.   Rostrum crassum, subelongatum, culmine rotundato, a basi arcuato, lateribus subcompressis; mandibula superiore apice subemarginata, inferiore gonyde ascendente conspicua; naribus subgrandibus, patulis, ovalibus, suboblique positis, supra membrana partim tectis.  Alæ subbreves, rotundatæ; remigibus tertia quarta et quinta fere æqualibus longissimis, prima brevi undecimæ æquali; pogoniis integris.  Pedes robusti, nudi; acrotarsiis ad latus externum compressissimis, in scuta quatuor grandia divisis; paratarsiis in medio compressis, in scutula plurima divisis.  Cauda elongata, patula, rotundata.   The true Cuckoos, or that portion of the present family of Cuculidæ which constitutes the genus Cuculus, Auct., is distinguished from the remaining groups of the family by the comparative weakness of the bill  ... and the feebleness of the legs and toes  ... The group which we have just characterized deviates from these characters, which may be considered typical in the family, by the greater strength of all these members. The bill is powerful, the under mandible more particularly, which is marked by a strongly ascending gonys.  ... The tarsi and feet are particularly strong: the former are much compressed on the external side, exhibiting by this conformation a nearly flattened surface in front. The wings also are much rounded, and comparatively shorter than in the typical Cuckoos.  ...   The species of this genus seem very widely distributed over the East. The Cuculus punctatus, Linn., the Coucou tacheté des Indes Orientales (Pl. Enlum. 771.), appears to be referable  to this group.   1. ORIENTALIS.  Eud. metallice niger, rostro flavescente.  Cuculus orientalis. Linn. i. 168. no. 2.  Coucou des Indes Orientales. Pl. Enl. 274. f. 1.  Eastern black Cuckoo. Lath. Gen. Hist. iii. p. 282. no. 26.  ...  Cuculus Mindanensis. Linn. i. 169. no. 3.  Coucou tacheté de Mindanao. Pl. Enl. 277.  Mindanao Cuckoo. Lath. Gen. Hist. iii. p. 283. no. 27.   ...  The native name of the male is Cowhat'; of the female, Belinging.   2. FLINDERSII. Lath. MSS.   ...   Ϯ Eυ bene, and δυναμις potentia." (Vigors & Horsfield 1827); "Eudynamys Vigors and Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 15, pt. 1, 1826, p. 303. Type, by subsequent designation, Cuculus orientalis Linné. (Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 57.)" (Peters, 1940, IV, p. 36).  
Var. Eudinamys, Eudynamis, Endynamys.

Pacific Koel (Australian)
SCI Name: Eudynamys orientalis cyanocephalus/subcyanocephalus
EUDYNAMYS
(Cuculidae; Ϯ Eastern Koel E. orientalis) Gr. ευ eu  fine; δυναμις dunamis  power, strength (cf. ευδυναμος eudunamos  mighty); "Genus. EUDYNAMYS Ϯ.   Rostrum crassum, subelongatum, culmine rotundato, a basi arcuato, lateribus subcompressis; mandibula superiore apice subemarginata, inferiore gonyde ascendente conspicua; naribus subgrandibus, patulis, ovalibus, suboblique positis, supra membrana partim tectis.  Alæ subbreves, rotundatæ; remigibus tertia quarta et quinta fere æqualibus longissimis, prima brevi undecimæ æquali; pogoniis integris.  Pedes robusti, nudi; acrotarsiis ad latus externum compressissimis, in scuta quatuor grandia divisis; paratarsiis in medio compressis, in scutula plurima divisis.  Cauda elongata, patula, rotundata.   The true Cuckoos, or that portion of the present family of Cuculidæ which constitutes the genus Cuculus, Auct., is distinguished from the remaining groups of the family by the comparative weakness of the bill  ... and the feebleness of the legs and toes  ... The group which we have just characterized deviates from these characters, which may be considered typical in the family, by the greater strength of all these members. The bill is powerful, the under mandible more particularly, which is marked by a strongly ascending gonys.  ... The tarsi and feet are particularly strong: the former are much compressed on the external side, exhibiting by this conformation a nearly flattened surface in front. The wings also are much rounded, and comparatively shorter than in the typical Cuckoos.  ...   The species of this genus seem very widely distributed over the East. The Cuculus punctatus, Linn., the Coucou tacheté des Indes Orientales (Pl. Enlum. 771.), appears to be referable  to this group.   1. ORIENTALIS.  Eud. metallice niger, rostro flavescente.  Cuculus orientalis. Linn. i. 168. no. 2.  Coucou des Indes Orientales. Pl. Enl. 274. f. 1.  Eastern black Cuckoo. Lath. Gen. Hist. iii. p. 282. no. 26.  ...  Cuculus Mindanensis. Linn. i. 169. no. 3.  Coucou tacheté de Mindanao. Pl. Enl. 277.  Mindanao Cuckoo. Lath. Gen. Hist. iii. p. 283. no. 27.   ...  The native name of the male is Cowhat'; of the female, Belinging.   2. FLINDERSII. Lath. MSS.   ...   Ϯ Eυ bene, and δυναμις potentia." (Vigors & Horsfield 1827); "Eudynamys Vigors and Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 15, pt. 1, 1826, p. 303. Type, by subsequent designation, Cuculus orientalis Linné. (Gray, List Gen. Bds., 1840, p. 57.)" (Peters, 1940, IV, p. 36).  
Var. Eudinamys, Eudynamis, Endynamys.