Piping Plover / Charadrius melodus

Piping Plover / Charadrius melodus

Piping Plover

SCI Name:  Charadrius melodus
Protonym:  Charadrius melodus Am.Orn.[reprintOrd] 7 p.71
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  pipplo
Type Locality:  Great Egg Harbor, New Jersey.
Publish Year:  1824
IUCN Status:  


(Charadriidae; Ϯ Ringed Plover C. hiaticula) Late L. charadrius yellowish bird mentioned in the Vulgate Bible (late 4th century) < Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  unknown plain-coloured nocturnal bird that dwelt in ravines and river valleys  < χαραδρα kharadra  ravine. According to some authors the sight of it was said to cure jaundice. Early identifications included the Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus; "79. CHARADRIUS.  Rostrum teretiusculum, obtusum.  Pedes tridactyli." (Linnaeus 1758); "Charadrius Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 150. Type, by tautonymy, Charadrius hiaticula Linné. (Charadrios s. Hiaticula Aldrovandus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters, 1934, II, p. 245). Linnaeus's Charadrius comprised eleven species (C. cristatus, C. Hiaticula, C. alexandrinus, C. vociferus, C. ægyptius, C. Morinellus, C. apricarius, C. Pluvialis, C. Oedicnemus, C. Himantopus, C. spinosus).   
Var. Charadrias, Charadias.   
Synon. Aegialeus, Aegialitis, Aegialophilus, Afraegialis, Afroxyechus, Cirrepidesmus, Eupoda, Eupodella, Helenaegialus, Hiaticula, Hyetoceryx, Leucopolius, Neocharadrius, Nesoceryx, Ochthodromus, Oxyechus, Pagoa, Pagolla, Paroxyechus, Pernettyva, Pipus, Pluviorhynchus, Podasocys, Zonibyx.

L. melodus  melodious  < Gr. μελωδος melōdos  musical  < μελος melos  song.
● ex Charadrius hiaticula var. of A. Wilson, 1812; "This species was described by Wilson in vol. v, American Ornithology, p. 30, under the name of Ringed Plover, Charadrius hiaticula, confusing it with another species and regarding it as a different plumage phase" (Trotter 1907) (Charadrius).