Madagascar Plover / Charadrius thoracicus

Madagascar Plover / Charadrius thoracicus

Madagascar Plover

SCI Name:  Charadrius thoracicus
Protonym:  AEgialitis thoracica Proc.Biol.Soc.Wash. 10 p.53
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  madplo1
Type Locality:  Loholoka, east coast of Madagascar.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1896
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CHARADRIUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Ringed Plover C. hiaticula) Late L. charadrius yellowish bird mentioned in the Vulgate Bible (late 4th century) < Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  unknown plain-coloured nocturnal bird that dwelt in ravines and river valleys  < χαραδρα kharadra  ravine. According to some authors the sight of it was said to cure jaundice. Early identifications included the Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus; "79. CHARADRIUS.  Rostrum teretiusculum, obtusum.  Pedes tridactyli." (Linnaeus 1758); "Charadrius Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 150. Type, by tautonymy, Charadrius hiaticula Linné. (Charadrios s. Hiaticula Aldrovandus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters, 1934, II, p. 245). Linnaeus's Charadrius comprised eleven species (C. cristatus, C. Hiaticula, C. alexandrinus, C. vociferus, C. ægyptius, C. Morinellus, C. apricarius, C. Pluvialis, C. Oedicnemus, C. Himantopus, C. spinosus).   
Var. Charadrias, Charadias.   
Synon. Aegialeus, Aegialitis, Aegialophilus, Afraegialis, Afroxyechus, Cirrepidesmus, Eupoda, Eupodella, Helenaegialus, Hiaticula, Hyetoceryx, Leucopolius, Neocharadrius, Nesoceryx, Ochthodromus, Oxyechus, Pagoa, Pagolla, Paroxyechus, Pernettyva, Pipus, Pluviorhynchus, Podasocys, Zonibyx.

thoracica / thoracicus
Med. L. thoracicus  pectoral, of the chest  < Gr. θωρακικος thōrakikos  suffering in the chest  < θωραξ thōrax, θωρακος thōrakos  breastplate.
● ex “Plastron Noir” of Levaillant 1803, pl. 123 (Apalis).
● ex “Alconcillo aplomado” of de Azara 1802-1805, no. 39 (syn. Falco femoralis).