Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater / Pipreola frontalis

Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater / Pipreola frontalis

Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater

SCI Name:  Pipreola frontalis
Protonym:  Euchlornis frontalis Proc.Zool.Soc.London(1858) (1858), Pt26 no.374 p.446
Category:  Passeriformes / Cotingidae /
Taxonomy Code:  scbfru1
Type Locality:  Bolivia; restricted to Samaipata, Santa Cruz (J. T. Z.).
Author:  
Publish Year:  1859
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

PIPREOLA
(Cotingidae; Ϯ Fiery-throated Fruiteater P. chlorolepidota) Dim. < genus Pipra Linnaeus, 1764, manakin; "222. SUBGEN. PIPREOLA.   SUBGEN. CHARACTER. — Wings moderate; the primaries not narrowed: tarsus shorter than the middle toe; lateral toes nearly equal, the inner being scarcely shorter than the outer; inner, cleft to the base; outer toe connected to the middle only as far as the first joint: tail very short.  The peculiar structure of the feet in this bird, so different from that of the typical Pipræ, induces me to consider it as the type of one of the subgenera.  ...   PIPREOLA chlorolepidota.  ...   I doubt not that this is the representation of the genus Ptilochloris, in the neighbouring circle of Vereoinæ [sic]" (Swainson 1838); “Swainson, in defining this genus (in his treatment, a subgenus), distinguished it from ‘the typical Piprae’ (manakins) by the structure of the foot; it seems that he coined a name that was simply a variation on Pipra in order to indicate affinity.” (Snow 1982); "Pipreola Swainson, 1837, Anim. Menag. (Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopedia, 98), p. 357. Type, by monotypy, Pipreola chlorolepidota Swainson." (Snow in Peters 1979, VIII, 286).   
Var. Pipreolo.
Synon. Euchlornis, Pyrrhorhynchus.

frontale / frontalis
L. frontalis  fronted, frontal  < frontalia or frontale  frontlet  < frons, frontis  forehead, brow (ref. distinctive, contrastingly coloured forehead patch, usually black or red).
● ex “Faucon Huppé” of Levaillant 1798, pl. 28 (syn. Crinifer piscator).
● Front Range, Rocky Mts., Colorado, USA (syn. Otus flammeolus).
● ex “Perruche Ara à Bandeau Rouge” of Levaillant 1801 (Pyrrhura).

SUBSPECIES

Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater (squamipectus)
SCI Name: Pipreola frontalis squamipectus
squamipectus
L. squama  scale; pectus, pectoris  breast.

Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater (frontalis)
SCI Name: Pipreola frontalis frontalis
frontale / frontalis
L. frontalis  fronted, frontal  < frontalia or frontale  frontlet  < frons, frontis  forehead, brow (ref. distinctive, contrastingly coloured forehead patch, usually black or red).
● ex “Faucon Huppé” of Levaillant 1798, pl. 28 (syn. Crinifer piscator).
● Front Range, Rocky Mts., Colorado, USA (syn. Otus flammeolus).
● ex “Perruche Ara à Bandeau Rouge” of Levaillant 1801 (Pyrrhura).