Short-billed Honeycreeper / Cyanerpes nitidus
Protonym: Coereba nitida Rev.Zool. 10 p.84
Taxonomy: Passeriformes / Thraupidae / Cyanerpes
Taxonomy Code: shbhon2
Type Locality: du nord du Perou.
Publish Year: 1847
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Thraupidae; † Red-legged Honeycreeper C. cyaneus) Gr. κυανος kuanos dark-blue; ἑρπης herpēs creeper < ἑρπω herpō to crawl; the Red-legged Honeycreeper was for long included in the “Coerebidae,” a hotch-potch group of “honeycreepers" now known to be unrelated; "This very homogeneous group of Cœrebidæ has by some authors been called Cœreba, by some Caereba, by others Arbelorhina, but unfortunately none of these names is properly applicable to the genus. As Mr. Ridgway has already shown  the name Cœreba Vieillot  can not be used for this group, since the only recognized species mentioned in the original diagnosis is Certhia flaveola Linn., which must therefore necessarily be the type; the term Cœreba thus supplanting the more recent Certhiola Sundevall. Caereba of Vigors  is merely an emendation, accidental or otherwise, of Vieillot's Cœreba, and therefore identical in application. Arbelorhina was proposed by Cabanis  simply to replace Cæreba,—"Den regelwidrigen Namen Caereba haben wir in Arbelorhina umgeändert." That the same author subsequently sought  to restrict Arbelorhina to the group at present under consideration can, of course, not in the least alter the case, and Arbelorhina must be considered a strict synonym of Cœreba. As this disposition leaves the Blue Creepers without a generic name6, it is proposed that they be called Cyanerpes,7 gen. nov. ... Type, Certhia cyanea Linnæus. CHARS. GEN. — Genus generi 'Chlorophanes' dicto similis, sed rostro multo graciliore et magis incurvato dignoscendum. ... 6 Guitus Rafinesque, Analyse, 1815, 68, is a nomen nudum. 7 κυανος = cyaneus, + ἑρπης." (Oberholser 1899); "Cyanerpes Oberholser, 1899, Auk 16: 32. Type, by original designation, Certhia cyanea Linnaeus." (AOU Checklist, 7th ed., 1998, p. 590).
nitidum / nitidus
L. nitidus brilliant, glittering < nitere to shine (cf. Med. L. nitidus fresh).
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)