Violet-chested Hummingbird / Sternoclyta cyanopectus
Protonym: Trochilus (Lampornis) cyanopectus Proc.Zool.Soc.London Pt14 no.164 p.88
Taxonomy: Caprimulgiformes / Trochilidae / Sternoclyta
Taxonomy Code: vichum2
Type Locality: Venezuela; type from Neiguata Plantation, near Camburi Grande, La Guaira.
Publish Year: 1846
IUCN Status: Least Concern
(Trochilidae; Ϯ Violet-chested Hummingbird S. cyanopectus) Gr. στερνον sternon breast; κλυτος klutos glorious, splendid < κλεω kleō to make famous; "STERNOCLYTA CYANEIPECTUS. Blue-breast. ... The Sternoclyta cyaneipectus is rendered remarkably conspicuous both by its bold style of colouring and by the large size of its bill, and differs so much in form from all the other members of the family, that I have been induced to make it the type of a new genus, for to none of those previously proposed could it be assigned. ... Throat luminous metallic green; centre of the breast brilliant metallic blue, separated from the green by a line of black" (Gould 1858).
L. cyanos lapis lazuli < Gr. κυανος kuanos dark-blue; pectus, pectoris breast.
UPPERCASE: current genus
Uppercase first letter: generic synonym
● and ● See: generic homonyms
lowercase: species and subspecies
●: early names, variants, mispellings
†: type species
Gr.: ancient Greek
<: derived from
syn: synonym of
/: separates historical and modern geographic names
ex: based on
TL: type locality
OD: original diagnosis (genus) or original description (species)