White-fronted Plover / Charadrius marginatus

White-fronted Plover / Charadrius marginatus

White-fronted Plover

SCI Name:  Charadrius marginatus
Protonym:  Charadrius marginatus Nouv.Dict.Hist.Nat. 27 p.138
Category:  Charadriiformes / Charadriidae /
Taxonomy Code:  whfplo1
Type Locality:  No locality.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1818
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

CHARADRIUS
(Charadriidae; Ϯ Ringed Plover C. hiaticula) Late L. charadrius yellowish bird mentioned in the Vulgate Bible (late 4th century) < Gr. χαραδριος kharadrios  unknown plain-coloured nocturnal bird that dwelt in ravines and river valleys  < χαραδρα kharadra  ravine. According to some authors the sight of it was said to cure jaundice. Early identifications included the Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus; "79. CHARADRIUS.  Rostrum teretiusculum, obtusum.  Pedes tridactyli." (Linnaeus 1758); "Charadrius Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 150. Type, by tautonymy, Charadrius hiaticula Linné. (Charadrios s. Hiaticula Aldrovandus, prebinomial specific name in synonymy.)" (Peters, 1934, II, p. 245). Linnaeus's Charadrius comprised eleven species (C. cristatus, C. Hiaticula, C. alexandrinus, C. vociferus, C. ægyptius, C. Morinellus, C. apricarius, C. Pluvialis, C. Oedicnemus, C. Himantopus, C. spinosus).   
Var. Charadrias, Charadias.   
Synon. Aegialeus, Aegialitis, Aegialophilus, Afraegialis, Afroxyechus, Cirrepidesmus, Eupoda, Eupodella, Helenaegialus, Hiaticula, Hyetoceryx, Leucopolius, Neocharadrius, Nesoceryx, Ochthodromus, Oxyechus, Pagoa, Pagolla, Paroxyechus, Pernettyva, Pipus, Pluviorhynchus, Podasocys, Zonibyx.

marginata / marginatum / marginatus
L. marginatus  bordered, edged  < marginare  to emarginate  < margo, marginis  border, edge.
● “of the edge, in this case, the seashore” (Hockey et al. 2005) (Charadrius).
● ex “Perruche de l’isle de Luçon” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Varied-wing Parrot” of Latham 1781 (syn. Tanygnathus lucionensis).
● ex “Upupa marginata” of W. Peters MS (Upupa).
● ex “Columba macroura. Long-tail’d Dove” of Edwards 1751 (syn. Zenaida macroura).

SUBSPECIES

White-fronted Plover (mechowi)
SCI Name: Charadrius marginatus mechowi
mechowi
Maj. Friedrich Wilhelm Alexander von Mechow (1831-1890) Prussian explorer, collector in Angola 1873-1875, 1879-1882 (Cercoccyx, subsp. Charadrius marginatus, syn. Cinnyris venustus falkensteini, syn. Euplectes axillaris bocagei, subsp. Melierax metabates).

White-fronted Plover (marginatus)
SCI Name: Charadrius marginatus marginatus
marginata / marginatum / marginatus
L. marginatus  bordered, edged  < marginare  to emarginate  < margo, marginis  border, edge.
● “of the edge, in this case, the seashore” (Hockey et al. 2005) (Charadrius).
● ex “Perruche de l’isle de Luçon” of Sonnerat 1776, and “Varied-wing Parrot” of Latham 1781 (syn. Tanygnathus lucionensis).
● ex “Upupa marginata” of W. Peters MS (Upupa).
● ex “Columba macroura. Long-tail’d Dove” of Edwards 1751 (syn. Zenaida macroura).

White-fronted Plover (arenaceus)
SCI Name: Charadrius marginatus arenaceus
arenacea / arenaceus
L. arenaceus  sandy  < arena (properly harena)  sand.

White-fronted Plover (tenellus)
SCI Name: Charadrius marginatus tenellus
tenellus
L. tenellus  delicate, somewhat tender  < dim. tener, teneri  delicate.