Bufflehead / Bucephala albeola

Bufflehead / Bucephala albeola


SCI Name:  Bucephala albeola
Protonym:  Anas Albeola Syst.Nat.ed.10 p.124
Taxonomy:  Anseriformes / Anatidae /
Taxonomy Code:  buffle
Type Locality:  America = Newfoundland, ex Edwards.
Publish Year:  1758
IUCN Status:  


(Anatidae; Bufflehead B. albeola) Specific name Anas bucephala Linnaeus, 1766 (= syn. Bucephala albeola); "Bucephala, BAIRD.  Type Anas albeola, L.  ...  BUCEPHALA, Baird.  ...  CH.— Bill from feathers of forehead about equal to the tarsus and shorter than the head; high at the base; lateral outlines tapering to the tip, where the nail forms only the central portion, though rather large. Nostrils situated near the middle of  the bill. Feathers of chin and forehead extending only moderately foreward a little further than those of cheeks. Tarsus rather more than half the foot. Tail moderately long, about half the wing, and somewhat pointed; of sixteen feathers.  ...  BUCEPHALA ALBEOLA, Baird.  Butter Ball; Dipper; Buffle Head.  ...  The name buffle head is a corruption of buffalo head, under which name it is mentioned by Bartram, in 1791." (Baird 1858); "Bucephala Baird, 1858, in Baird, Cassin, and Lawrence, Rep. Explor. Surv. Railroad Mississippi Pacific, 9, pp. xxiii, L, 788, 795.  Type, by original designation, Anas albeola Linnaeus." (Johnsgard in Peters, 1979, I, 2nd ed., p. 494) (see bucephala). 
Synon. Charitonetta, Clanganas, Clangula, Glaucion, Glaucionetta.

bucephala / bucephalus
Gr. βουκεφαλος boukephalos  bull-headed, large-headed  < βους bous  bull; -κεφαλος -kephalos  -headed  < κεφαλη kephalē  head.
● “Buffel’s Head Duck  ...  these feathers make the head appear bigger than it is, which seems to have given it the name of buffel’s head, that animal’s head appearing very big by its being covered with very thick long hair” (Catesby 1731); "61. ANAS.  ...  bucephala.  19. A. albida, dorso remigibusque nigris, capite supra infraque tumido sericeo nitente.  Anas minor, purpureo capite. Catesb. car. I. p. 95. t. 95 [♂].  Habitat in aquis dulcibus Americæ septentrionalis." (Linnaeus 1758) (syn. Bucephala albeola).
● "1.) LA PIE GRIÈCHE BUCÉPHALE.  LANIUS BUCEPHALUS.   ...   La tête est assez grande et le bec assez fort et vigoureux pour la taille de l'oiseau." (Temminck & Schlegel 1847) (Lanius).

albeola / albeolus
Mod. L. albeolus  white, whitish  < dim. L. albus  white (cf. Med. L. albeolus  atheling, young noble).
● "61. ANAS.  ...  Albeola.  15. A. alba, dorso remigibusque nigris, capite cærulescente, occipite albo.  Anas minor albus & fuscus. Edw. av. 100. t. 100 [♀].  Habitat in America." (Linnaeus 1758) (Bucephala).