Passenger Pigeon / Ectopistes migratorius

Passenger Pigeon / Ectopistes migratorius

Passenger Pigeon

SCI Name:  Ectopistes migratorius
Protonym:  Columba migratoria Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.285
Taxonomy:  Columbiformes / Columbidae /
Taxonomy Code:  paspig
Type Locality:  North America = South CaroUna, ex Catesby, 1, p. 23, pi. 23.
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  


‡ (Columbidae; Ϯ Passenger Pigeon E. migratorius) Gr. εκτοπιστης ektopistēs  wanderer, migrant  < εκτοπιζω ektopizō  to migrate, to go abroad; "ECTOPISTES  ...  Bill slender, notched. Wings rather elongated, pointed, the first and third quill equal, the second longest.  Tail rounded, or cuneated.  Feet short, naked, anterior scales of the tarsi imbricate; lateral scales very small, reticulate.   Types. Col. speciosa? Temm.  2. Col. migratoria. Linn.  Inhabits America." (Swainson 1827); "Ectopistes Swainson, Zool. Journ., 3, 1827, p. 362. Type, by subsequent designation, Columba migratoria Linné  (Swainson, Classif. Bds., 2, 1837, p. 348.)" (Peters, 1937, III, p. 82). The countless migrant flocks of the Passenger Pigeon were harried by hunters to a level where no viable breeding populations of this colonial nester could exist, and the slide towards extinction became inevitable.
Var. EstopistesExtopistes.
Synon. Trygon.

L. migratorius  migrant, migratory  < migrator, migratoris  wanderer  < migrare  to migrate.
● ex “Pigeon of Passage” of Catesby 1731 (‡Ectopistes).
● ex Sylvia vermivora A. Wilson, 1811 (syn. Helmitheros vermivorus).
● ex “Turdus pilaris migratorius. Fieldfare of Carolina” of Catesby 1731, and “Turdus canadensis” of Brisson 1760 (Turdus).

(syn. Monticola Ϯ Blue Rock Thrush M. solitaria) L. migratorius  migrant, migratory  < migrator, migratoris  wanderer  < migrare  to migrate; "On m'excusera certainement de ne pas parler du Merle azuré, de Crespon, auquel personne n'a cru; et, encore mieux, de taire le nom de Migratorius, qui m'a appris, une fois de plus, à me tenir en garde contre certaines assertions qui ne sont pas immédiatement accompagnées d'une preuve palpable" (Jaubert 1854).