Rufous Hornbill / Buceros hydrocorax

Rufous Hornbill / Buceros hydrocorax

Rufous Hornbill

SCI Name:  Buceros hydrocorax
Protonym:  Buceros Hydrocorax Syst.Nat.ed.12 ed.12 p.153
Category:  Bucerotiformes / Bucerotidae /
Taxonomy Code:  rufhor1
Type Locality:  Moluccas, error = Philippines.
Author:  
Publish Year:  1766
IUCN Status:  

DEFINITIONS

BUCEROS
(Bucerotidae; Ϯ Rhinoceros Hornbill B. rhinoceros) L. bucerus  horned like an ox  < Gr. βουκερως boukerōs  horned like an ox  < βους bous  ox; κερας keras, κερως kerōs  horn; "46. BUCEROS.  Rostrum convexum, cultratum, magnum; Frontis calvaria nuda, osseo-gibbosa.  Nares in basi rostri.  Lingua acuta, brevis.  ...  Cum Willugbæus aliique rostrum extrorsum serratum sistant, videtur Ramphasti potius generis avis esse. Fœda fœtidaque cadaveribus victitans venatores comitatur." (Linnaeus 1758); "Buceros Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 104. Type, by subsequent designation, Buceros rhinoceros Linné.  Elliot, Monogr. Bucerot., pt. 10, 1882, p. xvi [= intro., p. xvi of volume]." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 270). This is the seventh diagnosed genus in avian taxonomy. Linnaeus's Buceros comprised two species (B. bicornis, B. Rhinoceros).
Synon. Calao, Dichoceros, Diramphus, Homraius, Hydrocorax, Meniceros, Platyceros, Platycorax, Tragopan.

hydrocorax
Gr. ὑδρο- hudro-  water-   < ὑδωρ hudōr, ὑδατος hudatos  water; κοραξ korax,  κορακος korakos  raven  < κρωζω krōzō  to croak; ex “Corvus Marinus” of Clusius 1605, and “Hydrocorax” and “Calao” of Brisson 1760; “Hydrocorax ...or Water Raven, from its supposed to inhabit watry places” (Pennant 1773) (Buceros).

Hydrocorax
Gr. ὑδρο- hudro-  water-  < ὑδωρ hudōr, ὑδατος hudatos  water; κοραξ korax, κορακος korakos  raven  < κρωζω krōzō  to croak.
• (Bucerotidae; syn. Buceros Rufous Hornbill B. hydrocorax) "Genus Hydrocoracis. (1).  ...   (1) Hydrocorax, nomen a me huic generi inditum ob habitationem circa aquatica loca.   Le genre du Calao. (1).  ...   (1) Calao, nom que portent dans les Indes les Oiseaux de ce genre" (Brisson 1760): ex "Corvi marini genus" of Clusius 1605, and "Corvus Indicus" of Bontius 1658; "Hydrocorax Brisson, Orn., 1, 1760, p. 44; 4, p. 565. Type, by tautonymy, Hydrocorax Brisson = Buceros hydrocorax Linné." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 270).
• (Phalacrocoracidae; syn. Phalacrocorax Great Cormorant P. carbo) "CORMORAN, Hydrocorax.  Pelecanus, Linn. Gm. Lath.  Bec plus long que la tête, robuste, un peu épais, droit, un peu comprimé, arrondi en dessus, entier; mandibule supérieure sillonnée, crochue vers le bout, pointue; l'inférieure obtuse et un peu courbée à la pointe. — Face un peu glabre. — Gorge expansible.  Esp. Cormoran, Buff." (Vieillot 1816); "Hydrocorax Vieillot, 1816, Analyse, p. 63. Type, by subsequent designation (Ogilvie-Grant, 1898, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 26, p. 331), Pelecanus carbo Linnaeus." (Dorst & Mougin in Peters, 1979, I, 2nd ed., p. 163).

SUBSPECIES

Rufous Hornbill (Northern)
SCI Name: Buceros hydrocorax hydrocorax
hydrocorax
Gr. ὑδρο- hudro-  water-   < ὑδωρ hudōr, ὑδατος hudatos  water; κοραξ korax,  κορακος korakos  raven  < κρωζω krōzō  to croak; ex “Corvus Marinus” of Clusius 1605, and “Hydrocorax” and “Calao” of Brisson 1760; “Hydrocorax ...or Water Raven, from its supposed to inhabit watry places” (Pennant 1773) (Buceros).

Rufous Hornbill (Southern)
SCI Name: Buceros hydrocorax mindanensis/semigaleatus
BUCEROS
(Bucerotidae; Ϯ Rhinoceros Hornbill B. rhinoceros) L. bucerus  horned like an ox  < Gr. βουκερως boukerōs  horned like an ox  < βους bous  ox; κερας keras, κερως kerōs  horn; "46. BUCEROS.  Rostrum convexum, cultratum, magnum; Frontis calvaria nuda, osseo-gibbosa.  Nares in basi rostri.  Lingua acuta, brevis.  ...  Cum Willugbæus aliique rostrum extrorsum serratum sistant, videtur Ramphasti potius generis avis esse. Fœda fœtidaque cadaveribus victitans venatores comitatur." (Linnaeus 1758); "Buceros Linné, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, 1758, p. 104. Type, by subsequent designation, Buceros rhinoceros Linné.  Elliot, Monogr. Bucerot., pt. 10, 1882, p. xvi [= intro., p. xvi of volume]." (Peters, 1945, V, p. 270). This is the seventh diagnosed genus in avian taxonomy. Linnaeus's Buceros comprised two species (B. bicornis, B. Rhinoceros).
Synon. Calao, Dichoceros, Diramphus, Homraius, Hydrocorax, Meniceros, Platyceros, Platycorax, Tragopan.